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Techniques in Coloproctology

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 93–110 | Cite as

Laparoscopic lavage versus surgical resection for acute diverticulitis with generalised peritonitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  • R. Cirocchi
  • S. Di SaverioEmail author
  • D. G. Weber
  • R. Taboła
  • I. Abraha
  • J. Randolph
  • A. Arezzo
  • G. A. Binda
Review

Abstract

This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates current evidence on the therapeutic role of laparoscopic lavage in the management of diverticular peritonitis. A systematic review of the literature was performed on PubMed until June 2016, according to preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. All randomised controlled trials comparing laparoscopic lavage with surgical resection, irrespective of anastomosis or stoma formation, were analysed. After assessment of titles and full text, 3 randomised trials fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Overall the quality of evidence was low because of serious concerns regarding the risk of bias and imprecision. In the laparoscopic lavage group, there was a statistically significant higher rate of postoperative intra-abdominal abscess (RR 2.54, 95% CI 1.34–4.83), a lower rate of postoperative wound infection (RR 0.10, 95% CI 0.02–0.51), and a shorter length of postoperative hospital stay during index admission (WMD = −2.03, 95% CI −2.59 to −1.47). There were no statistically significant differences in terms of postoperative mortality at index admission or within 30 days from intervention in all Hinchey stages and in Hinchey stage III, postoperative mortality at 12 months, surgical reintervention at index admission or within 30–90 days from index intervention, stoma rate at 12 months, or adverse events within 90 days of any Clavien–Dindo grade. The surgical reintervention rate at 12 months from index intervention was significantly lower in the laparoscopic lavage group (RR 0.57, 95% CI 0.38–0.86), but these data included emergency reintervention and planned intervention (stoma reversal). This systematic review and meta-analysis did not demonstrate any significant difference between laparoscopic peritoneal lavage and traditional surgical resection in patients with peritonitis from perforated diverticular disease, in terms of postoperative mortality and early reoperation rate. Laparoscopic lavage was associated with a lower rate of stoma formation. However, the finding of a significantly higher rate of postoperative intra-abdominal abscess in patients who underwent laparoscopic lavage compared to those who underwent surgical resection is of concern. Since the aim of surgery in patients with peritonitis is to treat the sepsis, if one technique is associated with more postoperative abscesses, then the technique is ineffective. Even so, laparoscopic lavage does not appear fundamentally inferior to traditional surgical resection and this technique may achieve reasonable outcomes with minimal invasiveness.

Keywords

Acute diverticulitis Peritonitis Hinchey classification Abdominal sepsis Intra-abdominal infections Laparoscopy Laparoscopic lavage Sigmoid resection Colostomy Hartmann resection 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Dr. Alessandro Quintili developed and performed the search strategy, protocol draft, trial selection.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

For this type of study formal consent is not required.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Cirocchi
    • 1
  • S. Di Saverio
    • 2
    Email author
  • D. G. Weber
    • 3
    • 4
  • R. Taboła
    • 5
  • I. Abraha
    • 6
  • J. Randolph
    • 7
  • A. Arezzo
    • 8
  • G. A. Binda
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of General Surgery and Surgical Oncology, Hospital of TerniUniversity of PerugiaTerniItaly
  2. 2.General (Colorectal), Emergency and Trauma Surgery ServiceMaggiore Hospital Regional Emergency Surgery and Trauma Center – Bologna Local Health DistrictBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Department of General Surgery, Royal Perth HospitalThe University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  4. 4.The University of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia
  5. 5.Department of Gastrointestinal and General SurgeryMedical University of WrocławWrocławPoland
  6. 6.Health Planning Service, Department of EpidemiologyRegional Health Authority of UmbriaPerugiaItaly
  7. 7.Tift College of EducationMercer UniversityAtlantaUSA
  8. 8.Department of Surgical SciencesUniversity of TurinTurinItaly
  9. 9.Department of SurgeryGalliera HospitalGenoaItaly

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