Laparoscopic low ventral rectocolpopexy (LLVR) for rectal and rectogenital prolapse: surgical technique and functional results

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Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy limits the risk of autonomic nerve damage, and the colpopexy allows correction of a concomitant prolapse of the middle compartment. The aim of this study is to describe a modified laparoscopic ventral rectocolpopexy procedure with a low approach to the sacral hollow (laparoscopic low ventral rectocolpopexy: LLVR). We propose this technique to manage combined rectogenital prolapse.


Between November 2006 and June 2009, all patients with symptomatic rectal prolapse associated with genital prolapse and/or enterocele underwent LLVR. Demographics, results of imaging studies, mortality, morbidity, and functional outcome were retrospectively analyzed.


Thirty patients underwent LLVR: two patients suffered from a full-thickness rectal prolapse while 28 had symptomatic recto-anal intussusception. The mean operating time was 94 ± 39 minutes. Conversion to laparotomy was never needed. Hospital stay ranged between 2 and 14 days (mean of 5 ± 2.5 days). No mortality was recorded and only two complications occurred (6.6 %): one trocar site incisional hernia and one vaginal suture erosion in a patient who had concomitant hysterectomy. After a mean follow-up of 13.9 months, constipation was completely resolved or improved in 92.8 % patients. Significant reduction in the mean Altomare obstructed defecation score (14.7–5.6; p < 0.05) was recorded. Preoperative incontinence improved after the procedure in all patients affected. No new cases of postoperative constipation or fecal incontinence were registered. Only one case of recurrence in a patient with recto-anal intussusception was recorded (3.4 %), after 19 months.


Laparoscopic low ventral rectocolpopexy is safe and associated with very low morbidity. In the medium term, it provides good result for prolapse and associated symptoms.

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Correspondence to A. Infantino.

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Lauretta, A., Bellomo, R.E., Galanti, F. et al. Laparoscopic low ventral rectocolpopexy (LLVR) for rectal and rectogenital prolapse: surgical technique and functional results. Tech Coloproctol 16, 477–483 (2012) doi:10.1007/s10151-012-0918-2

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  • Rectal prolapse
  • Laparoscopic rectopexy
  • Nerve sparing
  • Constipation
  • Fecal incontinence