Five-year follow-up of Doppler-guided hemorrhoidal artery ligation
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Doppler-guided hemorrhoidal artery ligation (DGHAL) was described as lower risk and a less painful alternative to hemorrhoidectomy. We report our experience and 5-year follow-up with this procedure.
Between May 2003 and December 2004, 100 patients with symptomatic Grade II or III hemorrhoids underwent ultrasound identification and ligation of 6–8 terminal branches of the superior rectal artery above the dentate line by a single surgeon using local, regional, or general anesthesia. There were 42 men and 58 women (mean age 42 years, median duration of symptoms 6/3 years). A 10-point visual analog scale was used for postoperative pain scoring. Surgical and functional outcome was assessed at 6 weeks and 3 and 12 months after surgery, with long-term follow-up by a telephone questionnaire at 5 years after the procedure.
The mean operative time was 19 min. Local anal block combined with intravenous sedation (n = 93) or general or spinal (n = 7) anesthesia was used. Only 5 patients were hospitalized overnight. There was no urinary retention, bleeding, or mortality in the immediate postoperative period. The mean pain score decreased from 2.1 at 2 h postoperatively to 1.3 on the first postoperative day. All patients had complete functional recovery by the third postoperative day. Ninety-six patients completed 12 months of follow-up. Eighty-five of these patients (89%) remained asymptomatic at 12 months, though this number dropped to 67/92 (73%) at 5 years.
Long-term follow-up confirms the effectiveness of the DGHAL procedure for treatment for Grade II hemorrhoids. The DGHAL procedure alone seems less effective for Grade III hemorrhoids.
KeywordsHemorrhoids Doppler Artery Ligation Follow-up
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that no conflict of interest exists.
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