The place for colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis: a valid surgical option for ulcerative colitis?

  • L. Börjesson
  • U. Lundstam
  • T. Öresland
  • H. Brevinge
  • L. Hultén
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

Background

Conflicting views regarding the use of ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) in ulcerative colitis (UC) exist and this controversy prompted us to review our experience, especially against the background of the current tendency to choose the ileal pouch-anal procedure (IPAA).

Methods

Thirty-two consecutive patients with IRA were studied. Complications, failure rate, reasons for failure and functional results were assessed. The median follow-up time was 3.5 years.

Results

The overall complication rate was 28%. The rectum was excised in 4 patients, indicating a failure rate of 12%. The mean daily evacuation frequency was 5.6. Despite urgency occurring in one-third of the patients, continence function was well preserved.

Conclusions

Employed on a selective basis, IRA is a safe procedure with low mortality and morbidity and good prospects for success in many patients with UC. The patients must be prepared to submit to life-long rectoscopy surveillance.

Key words

Ulcerative colitis Ileorectal anastomosis Function Restorative proctocolectomy 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Börjesson
    • 1
  • U. Lundstam
    • 1
  • T. Öresland
    • 1
  • H. Brevinge
    • 1
  • L. Hultén
    • 1
  1. 1.Colorectal UnitDepartment of Surgery Sahlgrenska University Hospital/ÖstraGöteborgSweden

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