How do doctors choose treatment for older gynecological cancer patients? A Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group survey of gynecologic oncologists
The proportion of elderly Japanese people (age ≥ 65 years) is currently 27.7%, and the average life span of women is 87.14 years, both of which are unprecedented. In gynecologic cancer, evidence of treatment for the elderly is scarce, and treatment policies are determined by each facility. The aim of the present study was to investigate the status of treatment policies for elderly patients with gynecologic cancer.
A web-based questionnaire regarding how treatment strategies are currently determined for elderly patients with gynecologic cancer was conducted on gynecologic oncologists to develop a tool for the objective evaluation of treatment policy decisions for elderly patients.
The responses showed that 48% of the gynecologic oncologists were aware of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA), but only 6% had actually conducted CGA. Age, comorbidities, performance status, and pretreatment evaluations were regarded as important in determining the treatment strategy. Invasive treatments such as radical hysterectomy and para-aortic lymph node dissection tended to have age limits.
These findings suggest that awareness of CGA is low in Japan, and that elderly people may not be given standard therapy, which highlights the importance of building on these findings by gathering further evidence and developing a new tool for predicting treatment outcomes for elderly patients with gynecologic cancer.
KeywordsElderly Geriatrics Gynecologic cancer Comprehensive geriatric assessment
We thank the Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group (JGOG-9003 s) participating sites for this study.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
No author has any conflict of interest.
- 1.Annual Report on the Aging Society (2018) Cabinet officeGoogle Scholar
- 2.National Comprehensive Cancer Network (2016) “NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines) Senior Adult Oncology”. [Version 2.2016]. https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/senior.pdf