A case study of metastatic Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma effectively treated with sunitinib
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We report a case of Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma (RCC) whose lung metastases were effectively treated with sunitinib. A 43-year-old woman presenting with upper abdominal pain was diagnosed with a left renal tumor. Laparoscopic left radical nephrectomy was performed. Histopathological examination of the surgical specimen revealed a clear-cell carcinoma of the left kidney. Two years later, multiple lung metastases were detected and the patient was treated daily with 50 mg sunitinib. A computed tomography scan performed after 2 cycles of sunitinib treatment revealed partial regression of these metastases. The partial regression has been maintained for >3 years. In retrospective evaluation of the primary RCC, tumor cells showed strong nuclear staining for transcription factor E3 (TFE3) protein and TFE3 split-fluorescence in-situ hybridization revealed translocation involving the TFE3 gene. These findings strongly support diagnosis of Xp11.2 translocation RCC.
KeywordsRenal cell carcinoma Xp11.2 translocation Sunitinib Fluorescence in situ hybridization
Conflict of interest
No author has any conflict of interest.
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