International Journal of Clinical Oncology

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 22–27 | Cite as

Early renal cell cancer

  • Yoshihiko TomitaEmail author


Renal cell cancer (RCC) mostly arises from the proximal renal tubules and is classified as an adenocarcinoma. The most reliable treatment for RCC is surgical excision; chemotherapy or radiotherapy does not have a practical effect on RCC. In selected patients, immunotherapy, including cytokine administration, has survival benefits. There is no established definition of early RCC. Surgical removal of organ-confined disease (T1 and T2) is likely to achieve tumor-free status leading to good prognosis. Possible definitions, diagnosis and treatment options for T1 and T2 disease are discussed.

Key words

Renal cell cancer TNM classification Radical nephrectomy Nephron-sparing surgery 


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Copyright information

© The Japan Society of Clinical Oncology 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urology, Course of Metabolic and Regenerative MedicineYamagata University Faculty of MedicineYamagataJapan

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