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International Journal of Clinical Oncology

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 22–27 | Cite as

Early renal cell cancer

  • Yoshihiko TomitaEmail author
REVIEW ARTICLE

Abstract

Renal cell cancer (RCC) mostly arises from the proximal renal tubules and is classified as an adenocarcinoma. The most reliable treatment for RCC is surgical excision; chemotherapy or radiotherapy does not have a practical effect on RCC. In selected patients, immunotherapy, including cytokine administration, has survival benefits. There is no established definition of early RCC. Surgical removal of organ-confined disease (T1 and T2) is likely to achieve tumor-free status leading to good prognosis. Possible definitions, diagnosis and treatment options for T1 and T2 disease are discussed.

Key words

Renal cell cancer TNM classification Radical nephrectomy Nephron-sparing surgery 

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Copyright information

© The Japan Society of Clinical Oncology 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urology, Course of Metabolic and Regenerative MedicineYamagata University Faculty of MedicineYamagataJapan

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