Population Ecology

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 493–498 | Cite as

Larval competition causes the difference in male ejaculate expenditure in Callosobruchus maculatus

  • Masako Katsuki
  • Yukihiko Toquenaga
  • Takahisa Miyatake
Original article


The seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus larvae exhibit two types of resource competition: scramble, in which a resource is shared, and contest, in which the resource is monopolized. This difference in larval behavior results in different adult densities. Under contest competition, adult density remains constant regardless of larval density, but under scramble competition, adult density increases with larval density. This in turn affects mating frequency during adulthood, and thus, the intensity of sexual selection operating on males. In this study, we examined the relationship between larval competition types and male reproductive investment in mating. We assessed the male ejaculate expenditure per mating across geographic strains of C. maculatus. The male investment (ejaculate expenditure) increased with the degree of scramble competition and decreased with the degree of contest competition. We therefore suggest that males experience different selective pressures depending on the type of larval competition: scramble type males are selected for increased reproductive investment.


Larval competition Seed beetle Sperm competition 



We thank Tomohiro Harano and Zenobia Lewis for valuable comments, and the Kobe Plant Protection Office for permitting the insects used to be transported both internationally and within Japan. All transportation was conducted under the Japanese Plant Protection Law. This study was partially supported by KAKENHI 23570027 Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, JSPS and MEXT to T.M., 224565 to M.K. and 23405008 to Y.T.


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Copyright information

© The Society of Population Ecology and Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masako Katsuki
    • 1
  • Yukihiko Toquenaga
    • 2
  • Takahisa Miyatake
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Environmental ScienceOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan
  2. 2.Doctoral Program in Biological SciencesUniversity of TsukubaIbarakiJapan

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