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The extradural minipterional approach for the treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms: a cadaver stepwise dissection and clinical case series

Abstract

Minipterional (MPT) craniotomy has recently been added to the neurosurgical armamentarium as a less invasive alternative to the pterional craniotomy for the treatment of parasellar lesions. However, its clinical applicability in the treatment of certain complex aneurysms, such as those arising in the paraclinoid region, remains unclear. To illustrate the microsurgical anatomy of a modified extradural MPT approach, which combines a classic MPT craniotomy with an extradural anterior clinoidectomy, and to demonstrate its clinical applicability in the treatment of complex paraclinoid aneurysms. A stepwise extradural MPT approach is illustrated in a cadaver study. Clinical outcome data from a series of 19 patients with 20 paraclinoid aneurysms treated surgically using the extradural MPT approach between 2016 and 2018 were retrospectively collected. In 95% of the cases, complete aneurysm occlusion was achieved. No aneurysm recurrences were seen during follow-up with a median length of 21 months. The outcome, according to the modified Rankin Scale, was 0 points in 12 patients (63%), 1 point in 6 patients (32%), and 2 points in 1 patient (5%). Four out of 6 patients (67%) with initial visual symptoms showed improvement following treatment, whereas in two (11%), vision became worse. The extradural MPT approach ensures a sufficiently large exposure of the paraclinoid region that is comparable with conventional approaches with the advantage of being minimally invasive. Our case series demonstrates the feasibility of this approach for the treatment of complex paraclinoid aneurysms.

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Acknowledgments

This article was proofread by the Writing Support Center at Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

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Correspondence to Rafael Martinez-Perez.

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Informed consent and ethical approval were not deemed necessary by the local ethics in view of the design of the study (retrospective) and the application of strict patient privacy regulations operating in our center (cadavers were unidentified).

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Martinez-Perez, R., Joswig, H., Tsimpas, A. et al. The extradural minipterional approach for the treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms: a cadaver stepwise dissection and clinical case series. Neurosurg Rev 43, 361–370 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10143-019-01219-9

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Keywords

  • Pterional
  • Minimally invasive
  • Skull base
  • Dolenc
  • Hakuba