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Long-term follow-up after surgical removal of meningioma of the inner third of the sphenoidal wing: outcome determinants and different strategies

Abstract

Meningioma arising in the inner third of the sphenoidal wing has been well recognized since the origin of neurosurgery, yet it still poses a formidable challenge for the surgeon. Treatment strategies can be optimized through a tailored approach to surgical timing and use of a non-surgical armamentarium. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of different strategies on progression-free survival and overall survival. We examined the clinical records of brain tumor patients to assess determinants for surgery (extent of tumor removal, postoperative complications) and for progression-free survival and overall survival in relation to timing of surgery eventually followed by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). The records of 60 patients were retrospectively reviewed, from preoperative assessment to a median follow-up of 104 months. All were symptomatic with prevalently visual symptoms (42.2%), large tumors (median diameter 3.44 cm), extension into the cavernous sinus (38.3%), and severe vascular involvement of one or more encased or narrowed vessels (50%). Subtotal removal was achieved in 40% of cases, mainly determined by cavernous sinus and vascular involvement; neurological complications occurred in 18.3% (persistent in 6.7% due to oculomotor and vascular injury). The overall rate of symptom improvement was 32.3% at 3 months and 49.5% at 12 months. Radiological monitoring prevented clinical progression; tumor progression occurred in 11.7% of cases. There were significant differences in progression-free survival between patients with (median 46 months) and those without (median 104 months) recurrence (p = 0.002): 12.5% after total removal, 6.2% after subtotal removal and adjuvant SRS, and 28.5% after subtotal removal and observation. The related Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed no significant difference between the three strategies. Further, disease progression after recurrence was noted in 28.6% of cases, but overall survival was not influenced by either tumor recurrence or type of treatment. Treatment failure was recorded in four cases (6.7%): one perioperative death and three later on. Surgery is the mainstay for the treatment of symptomatic meningioma and to restore neurological function; however, resectability is limited by vascular and cavernous sinus involvement. Careful postoperative monitoring prevented clinical progression and adjuvant or adjunctive SRS proved effective in tumor control. A low surgical complication rate and excellent long-term outcomes were achieved with this strategy.

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Correspondence to Andrea Talacchi.

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• The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

• All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Talacchi, A., Hasanbelliu, A., D’Amico, A. et al. Long-term follow-up after surgical removal of meningioma of the inner third of the sphenoidal wing: outcome determinants and different strategies. Neurosurg Rev 43, 109–117 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10143-018-1018-1

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Keywords

  • Meningioma
  • Skull base
  • Surgical treatment
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery
  • Long-term outcome