Functional & Integrative Genomics

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 11–22 | Cite as

Drought stress responses in crops

  • Arun K. Shanker
  • M. Maheswari
  • S. K. Yadav
  • S. Desai
  • Divya Bhanu
  • Neha Bajaj Attal
  • B. Venkateswarlu
Review

Abstract

Among the effects of impending climate change, drought will have a profound impact on crop productivity in the future. Response to drought stress has been studied widely, and the model plant Arabidopsis has guided the studies on crop plants with genome sequence information viz., rice, wheat, maize and sorghum. Since the value of functions of genes, dynamics of pathways and interaction of networks for drought tolerance in plants can only be judged by evidence from field performance, this mini-review provides a research update focussing on the current developments on the response to drought in crop plants. Studies in Arabidopsis provide the basis for interpreting the available information in a systems biology perspective. In particular, the elucidation of the mechanism of drought stress response in crops is considered from evidence-based outputs emerging from recent omic studies in crops.

Keywords

Drought tolerance Climate change Transcriptome Proteome Metabolome Interactome Bioinformatics 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

LEA

Late embryogenesis abundant proteins

NATs

Natural antisense transcripts

RNAi

RNA interference

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

RuBP

Ribulose-1, 5-bisphosphate

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arun K. Shanker
    • 1
  • M. Maheswari
    • 1
  • S. K. Yadav
    • 1
  • S. Desai
    • 1
  • Divya Bhanu
    • 1
  • Neha Bajaj Attal
    • 1
  • B. Venkateswarlu
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Crop SciencesCentral Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA)HyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA)HyderabadIndia

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