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Emergency Radiology

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 349–359 | Cite as

Sonographic assessment of musculoskeletal causes of calf pain and swelling

  • Kheng Song LeowEmail author
  • Kian Ming Chew
  • Ashish Chawla
  • Tze Chwan Lim
Pictorial Essay
  • 110 Downloads

Abstract

Calf pain or swelling is a common presentation to the emergency department. The differential diagnoses are wide. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is often the first diagnosis to be excluded given its potentially fatal complications. Musculoskeletal causes of calf pain or swelling such as Baker’s cyst, muscle or tendon tear, soft tissue infection, and inflammation are not uncommon and can often be confidently diagnosed with ultrasonography (US). Familiarity with these conditions and the sonographic findings would be useful in making timely and correct diagnosis.

Keywords

Achilles tendon Baker’s cyst Cellulitis Myositis Ultrasonography 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© American Society of Emergency Radiology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kheng Song Leow
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kian Ming Chew
    • 2
  • Ashish Chawla
    • 1
  • Tze Chwan Lim
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyKhoo Teck Puat HospitalSingaporeRepublic of Singapore
  2. 2.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyWoodlands Health CampusSingaporeRepublic of Singapore

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