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Emergency Radiology

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 11–19 | Cite as

Cardiovascular complications of cocaine: Imaging findings

  • Carlos S. RestrepoEmail author
  • Carlos A. Rojas
  • Santiago Martinez
  • Roy Riascos
  • Alejandro Marmol-Velez
  • Jorge Carrillo
  • Daniel Vargas
Review Article

Abstract

Cocaine is the second most commonly abused illicit drug in the US and the most common one involved in emergency department visits, the majority of which are related to the cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular complications related with cocaine abuse include myocardial ischemia and infarction, myocarditis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, aortic dissection, thrombosis, stroke and cerebral hemorrhage, and different forms of visceral ischemia, among others. In an era where cocaine use has reached epidemic proportions, it is necessary for the radiologist to understand the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and imaging characteristics of its cardiovascular complications.

Keywords

Cocaine Cardiovascular system Myocardial infarction Cardiomyopathy Myocarditis Stroke Aortic dissection Visceral ischemia Renal infarction 

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Copyright information

© Am Soc Emergency Radiol 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos S. Restrepo
    • 1
    • 7
    Email author
  • Carlos A. Rojas
    • 2
  • Santiago Martinez
    • 3
  • Roy Riascos
    • 4
  • Alejandro Marmol-Velez
    • 5
  • Jorge Carrillo
    • 6
  • Daniel Vargas
    • 1
  1. 1.RadiologyThe University of Texas HSC at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.RadiologyUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  3. 3.RadiologyDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  4. 4.RadiologyUniversity of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA
  5. 5.CardiologyThe University of Texas HSC at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA
  6. 6.RadiologyUniversidad Nacional de ColombiaBogotaColombia
  7. 7.Thoracic RadiologyThe University of Texas Health Science Center at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA

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