Quantitative TaqMan PCR Without a Real-Time Thermal Cycler: An Assay for Fish Insulin-like Growth Factor I Messenger RNA
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The reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction, more commonly known as RT-PCR, has become a widely used tool in molecular biology and is now frequently used in monitoring gene expression levels. A number of variations in the RT-PCR technique now exist including TaqMan PCR (5′ nuclease assay), which is a useful nonisotopic detection method for the quantification of PCR products. To monitor the formation of these fluorescent amplification products a ``real-time'' thermal cycler is normally required. In this study, repeated scanning of PCR products in a 96-well plate format showed that a conventional fluorescent plate reader can be used to generate similar results. To demonstrate the power of this approach, the nutritional regulation of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) was investigated in a marine finfish, the snapper (Pagrus auratus). Hepatic IGF-I messenger RNA levels were shown to significantly decrease after 2 weeks of fasting and returned to fed control levels on refeeding. These results demonstrated that a real-time PCR machine was not required to generate this type of quantitative data and that this technology can be adapted for use in most molecular biology laboratories.
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