Genetic and Physical Mapping of Sex-Linked AFLP Markers in Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
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Identification of the sex-determining genes of the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) has important implications for commercial aquaculture. We previously identified an XX/XY sex-determining locus in this species within a 10-cM interval between markers GM201 and UNH995 on linkage group one (LG1). In order to refine this region, we developed new AFLP markers using bulked segregant analysis of the mapping families. We identified three AFLP markers that showed a sex-specific pattern of segregation. All three mapped near, but just outside, the previously identified sex-determining region on LG1. Hybridization of BAC clones containing these markers to chromosome spreads confirmed that the XX/XY sex-determining locus is on one of the small chromosomes in O. niloticus.
KeywordsAFLP Sex chromosomes Oreochromis niloticus Tilapia Sex-linked markers
This project was supported by National Research Initiative competitive grant no. 2006-04830 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture Animal Genome Program and grant no. IS-3995-07 US-Israel Binational Agricultural Research and Development Fund.
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