Marine Biotechnology

, 8:203

Chitin and Chitosan: Functional Biopolymers from Marine Crustaceans

Mini-Review

Abstract

Chitin and chitosan, typical marine polysaccharides as well as abundant biomass resources, are attracting a great deal of attention because of their distinctive biological and physicochemical characteristics. To fully explore the high potential of these specialty biopolymers, basic and application researches are being made extensively. This review deals with the fundamental aspects of chitin and chitosan such as the preparation of chitin and chitosan, crystallography, extent of N-acetylation, and some properties. Recent progress of their chemistry is then discussed, focusing on elemental modification reactions including acylation, alkylation, Schiff base formation and reductive alkylation, carboxyalkylation, phthaloylation, silylation, tosylation, quaternary salt formation, and sulfation and thiolation.

Keywords

Chitin polysaccharide marine biopolymers biomass resource biological activity chemical modification chitosan biomedical application unutilized biomass resource 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials and Life ScienceSeikei UniversityMusashino-shiJapan

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