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Marine Biotechnology

, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp 505–517 | Cite as

Genetic Diversity and Molecular Markers of the Tropical Abalone (Haliotis asinina) in Thailand

  • S. Klinbunga
  • P. Pripue
  • N. Khamnamtong
  • N. Puanglarp
  • A. Tassanakajon
  • P. Jarayabhand
  • I. Hirono
  • T. Aoki
  • P. Menasveta
Original Contributions

Abstract

Genetic diversity of abalone in Thailand, Haliotis asinina, H. ovina, and H. varia, was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of 18S and 16S rDNAs, with randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Species-specific RAPD markers were found in each abalone species. Restriction analysis of 18S (nuclear) ribosomal DNA with Alu I, Taq I, and Hae III and 16S (mitochondrial) rDNA with Bam HI, Eco RI, Hae III, and Alu I gave 12 and 13 digestion patterns, respectively. A total of 49 composite haplotypes were found. A dendogram obtained by the unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean, constructed from divergence between pairs of composite haplotypes, revealed reproductively isolated gene pools of these abalone and indicated that H. asinina and H. ovina are genetically closer than H. varia. When H. varia was discovered owing to small sample sizes, geographic heterogeneity analysis and FST estimate indicated clear genetic differentiation between H. ovina originating from the Andaman Sea (west) and the Gulf of Thailand (east, P < 0.0001), whereas partial differentiation was observed between the Philippines and the remaining H. asinina samples (P < 0.0021). The amplified 16S rDNAs of individuals representing composite haplotypes found in this study were cloned and sequenced. A neighbor-joining tree constructed from sequence divergence of 16S rDNA accurately allocated those sequences according to species origins of abalone. Species-specific PCR based on 16S rDNA polymorphism was successfully developed in H. asinina and H. varia but not in H. ovina.

Keywords

abalone PCR RAPD genetic diversity population differentiation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), and Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, for providing facilities required by our experiments. This work is supported by the Thailand Research Funds (TRF) project 4320015 awarded to S.K. and A.T. and by the JSPS to S.K.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Klinbunga
    • 1
  • P. Pripue
    • 2
  • N. Khamnamtong
    • 1
  • N. Puanglarp
    • 1
  • A. Tassanakajon
    • 3
  • P. Jarayabhand
    • 4
    • 5
  • I. Hirono
    • 6
  • T. Aoki
    • 6
  • P. Menasveta
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Marine Biotechnology Research Unit, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC)National Science and Technology Development Agency, 113 Paholyothin Rd., Klong 1, Klong Luang, Patthumthani 12120Thailand
  2. 2.Program of Biotechnology, Faculty of ScienceChulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330Thailand
  3. 3.Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of ScienceChulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330Thailand
  4. 4.Aquatic Resources Research InstituteChulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330Thailand
  5. 5.Department of Marine Science, Faculty of ScienceChulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330Thailand
  6. 6.Department of Aquatic BiosciencesTokyo University of Fisheries, Konan 4-5-7, Tokyo 108-8477Japan

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