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Marine Biotechnology

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 287–292 | Cite as

Amphitrite ornata, a Marine Worm, Contains Two Dehaloperoxidase Genes

  • Kaiping  Han
  • Sarah A.  Woodin
  • David E.  Lincoln
  • Kevin T.  Fielman
  • Bert  Ely

Abstract:

Amphitrite ornata, a terebellid polychaete, inhabits marine environments that are contaminated by biogenically produced halometabolites. These halogenated organic compounds are toxic and quite diverse. To survive in this environment, A. ornata produces a novel dehaloperoxidase (DHP I) that detoxifies haloaromatic compounds. In this study we identified and characterized two dehaloperoxidase genes, designated dhpA and dhpB, from an A. ornata complementary DNA library. The deduced amino acid sequences (DHP A and DHP B) of the two dhp genes both contain 137 amino acid residues, but they differ at 5 amino acid positions. Allelic variation was observed for both genes as well. Polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism assays of genomic DNA from 19 in individuals showed that each individual contains both the dhpA and the dhpB genes. Therefore, the two types of DHP are encoded by separate genes and are not alleles of a single gene. Furthermore, DHP A and DHP B may have different substrate specificities since they have amino acid differences in the active site.

Key words:Amphitrite ornata, dehaloperoxidase genes, haloaromatic compounds, heme protein, polychaete. 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaiping  Han
    • 1
  • Sarah A.  Woodin
    • 1
  • David E.  Lincoln
    • 1
  • Kevin T.  Fielman
    • 1
  • Bert  Ely
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, U.S.A.US

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