International Microbiology

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 53–63 | Cite as

Biodegradation and biological treatments of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin: an overview

  • J. Pérez
  • J. Muñoz-Dorado
  • T. de la Rubia
  • J. Martínez
Review Article

Abstract.

In nature, cellulose, lignocellulose and lignin are major sources of plant biomass; therefore, their recycling is indispensable for the carbon cycle. Each polymer is degraded by a variety of microorganisms which produce a battery of enzymes that work synergically. In the near future, processes that use lignocellulolytic enzymes or are based on microorganisms could lead to new, environmentally friendly technologies. This study reviews recent advances in the various biological treatments that can turn these three lignicellulose biopolymers into alternative fuels. In addition, biotechnological innovations based on natural delignification and applied to pulp and paper manufacture are also outlined.

Cellulose Hemicellulose Lignin Biodegradation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag and SEM 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Pérez
    • 1
  • J. Muñoz-Dorado
    • 1
  • T. de la Rubia
    • 2
  • J. Martínez
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Granada, Campus Fuentenueva, 18071 Granada, SpainSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Granada, Campus Cartuja, 18071 Granada, SpainSpain

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