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Gastric Cancer

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 632–639 | Cite as

The Cholegas trial: long-term results of prophylactic cholecystectomy during gastrectomy for cancer—a randomized-controlled trial

  • Lapo BenciniEmail author
  • Alberto Marchet
  • Sergio Alfieri
  • Fausto Rosa
  • Giuseppe Verlato
  • Daniele Marrelli
  • Franco Roviello
  • Fabio Pacelli
  • Luigi Cristadoro
  • Antonio Taddei
  • Marco Farsi
  • Italian Research Group for Gastric Cancer (GIRCG)
Original Article

Abstract

Background

The incidence of cholelithiasis has been shown to be higher for patients after gastrectomy than for the general population, due to vagal branch damage and gastrointestinal reconstruction. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the need for routine concomitant prophylactic cholecystectomy (PC) during gastrectomy for cancer.

Methods

A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial was conducted between November 2008 and March 2017. Of the total 130 included patients, 65 underwent PC and 65 underwent standard gastric surgery only for curable cancers. The primary endpoint was cholelithiasis-free survival after gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma. Cholelithiasis was detected by ultrasound exam.

Results

After a median follow-up of 62 months, eight patients (12.3%) in the control group developed biliary abnormalities (four cases of gallbladder calculi and four cases of biliary sludge), with only three (4.6%) being clinically relevant (two cholecystectomies needed, one acute pancreatitis). One patient in the PC group had asymptomatic biliary dilatation during sonography after surgery. The cholelithiasis-free survival did not show statistical significance between the two groups (P = 0.267). The number needed to treat with PC to avoid reoperation for cholelithiasis was 1:32.5.

Conclusions

Concomitant PC during gastric surgery for malignancies, although reducing the absolute number of biliary abnormalities, has no significant impact on the natural course of patients.

Keywords

Prophylactic cholecystectomy Gastric surgery Gastric cancer 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Italian Research Group for Gastric Cancer (GIRCG): Other surgeons who participated in the study were Marco Bernini, MD, PhD (Surgical Oncology, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy), Leonardo Gerard, MD (General Surgery, Ospedale Carlo Poma, Mantova, Italy), Renato Moretti (Surgical Oncology, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy), Luca Cozzaglio, MD (Division of Surgical Oncology, Humanitas Hospital, Milan, Italy), Stefano Berardi, MD (Surgical Oncology Catholic University, Campobasso, Italy), and Paolo Bechi (General Surgery, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy).

Funding

The native English-speaking translation was supported by the funds of the University of Florence, Italy.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Ethical approval

A formal approval by the ethics committee of each participating center was obtained before the trial started recruitment.

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Copyright information

© The International Gastric Cancer Association and The Japanese Gastric Cancer Association 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lapo Bencini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alberto Marchet
    • 2
  • Sergio Alfieri
    • 3
  • Fausto Rosa
    • 3
  • Giuseppe Verlato
    • 4
  • Daniele Marrelli
    • 5
  • Franco Roviello
    • 5
  • Fabio Pacelli
    • 6
  • Luigi Cristadoro
    • 7
  • Antonio Taddei
    • 8
  • Marco Farsi
    • 1
  • Italian Research Group for Gastric Cancer (GIRCG)
  1. 1.Division of Oncologic Surgery and Robotics, Department of OncologyCareggi University HospitalFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity HospitalPaduaItaly
  3. 3.Digestive Surgery of University Hospital “A. Gemelli”RomeItaly
  4. 4.Unit of Epidemiology and Medical StatisticsUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  5. 5.Department of SurgeryUniversity of SienaSienaItaly
  6. 6.Surgical Oncology Catholic UniversityCampobassoItaly
  7. 7.General Surgery“C. Poma” HospitalPieve di CorianoItaly
  8. 8.General SurgeryCareggi University HospitalFlorenceItaly

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