Which method is more suitable for advanced gastric cancer with enlarged lymph nodes, laparoscopic radical gastrectomy or open gastrectomy?
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The oncologic outcome of laparoscopic radical gastrectomy (LG) with open radical gastrectomy (OG) for gastric cancer with preoperative enlarged lymph nodes (LNs) remains ambiguous.
The long-term outcomes of LG (n = 855) versus OG (n = 154) in gastric adenocarcinoma patients were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were stratified according to enlarged (> 10 mm) and small (≤ 10 mm) LNs (ELN and SLN) based on the long-axis diameter of the LNs.
The violin plot indicates that the distribution of ELN size was similar between two groups. Survival curves demonstrated that the overall survival (OS) in LG is enhanced compared with OG (p = 0.034). A stratified analysis revealed that the OS was better in the LG group compared with the OG group for patients with ELNs (p = 0.038). In a forest map analysis, the actual 3-year OS rate for LG was significantly increased compared with OG in enlarged suprapancreatic LN (ESLNs) patients. Stratified analysis based on different diameters of ESLNs revealed that the actual 3-year OS and cancer-specific survival (CSS)rate for LG was significant increased compared to OG with a diameter from 1.0 to 1.9 cm for pII or pIII stage patients. However, the actual 3-year OS and CSS rate for LG was significantly reduced compared with OG when the size exceeded 2.5 cm.
For advanced gastric cancer with an ESLN diameter from 1.0 to 1.9 cm, LG could be chosen preferentially; nevertheless, LG is not safe if ESLN are > 2.5 cm.
KeywordsGastric carcinoma Enlarged LN Lymphadenectomy Long-term outcome Suprapancreatic area
Sponsored by National Key Clinical Specialty Discipline Construction program of China (No. 649), Scientific and technological innovation joint capital Projects of Fujian Province (2016Y9031), General Project of Miaopu scientific research fund of Fujian Medical University (2015MP021), Youth Project of Fujian Provincial Health and Family Planning Commission (2016-1-41), Nature Fund Health Joint Fund Project of Fujian Province (2015J01464).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
None of the authors had any potential conflicts of interest, including relevant financial interests, activities, relationships, and affiliations.
Human rights statement and informed consent
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later versions. Informed consent or a substitute for it was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.
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