Advertisement

Chinese Journal of Polymer Science

, Volume 33, Issue 9, pp 1225–1233 | Cite as

A facile method for preparation of cardo poly(aryl ether sulfone) bearing pendent sulfoalkyl groups as proton exchange membranes

  • Li-mei Wang
  • Qi-feng Zhang (张奇峰)Email author
  • Suo-bo Zhang
Papers

Abstract

A series of cardo poly(aryl ether sulfone) copolymers bearing pendent sulfonic acid groups (SPES-X) have been prepared by a facile chemical graft method. The structure was confirmed by 1H-NMR spectra. The side-chain-type SPES-X membranes show significantly reduced swelling behavior and excellent mechanical properties as well as appropriate proton conductivity compared to the main-chain-type sulfonated polymers with similar ion exchange capacity (IEC) value. Moreover, they show methanol permeability in the range of 0.6 × 10−7−5.7 × 10−7 cm2/s which is lower than that of Nafion 117. All the results indicate that the SPES-X membranes are promising candidates for the direct methanol fuel cells.

Keywords

Side-chain type Cardo poly(aryl ether sulfone) Proton exchange membrane 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ren, X.M., Zelenay, P., Thomas, S., Davey, J. and Gottesfeld, S., J. Power Sources, 2000, 86: 111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hickner, M.A. and Pivovar, B.S., Fuel Cells, 2005, 5: 213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yang, Y. and Holdcroft, S., Fuel Cells, 2005, 5: 171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kim, T.W., Sahimi, M. and Tsotsis, T.T., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2009, 48: 9504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhang, S.H., Zhou, J. and Jian, X.G., Chinese J. Ploym. Sci., 2012, 30(4): 511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lei, R., Kang, C.Q., Huang, Y.J., Qiu, X.P., Ji, X.L., Xing, W. and Gao, L.X., Chinese J. Ploym. Sci., 2011, 29(5): 532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lei, R., Gao, L.X., Jin, R.Z. and Qiu, X.P., Chinese J. Ploym. Sci., 2014, 32(7): 941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    He, M.L., Xu, H.L., Dong, Y., Xiao, J.H., Liu, P., Fu, F.Y., Hussain, S., Zhang, S.Z., Jing, C.J., Yu, Q. and Zhu, C.J., Chinese J. Ploym. Sci., 2014, 32(2): 151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lee, J.K. and Kerres, J., J. Membr. Sci., 2007, 294: 75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hickner, M.A., Ghassemi, H., Kim, Y.S., Einsla, B.R. and McGrath, J.E., Chem. Rev., 2004, 104: 4587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhang, L.Y., Zhang, G., Zhao, C.J., Jiang, H., Wang, J., Xu, D., Zhang, Y., Shao, K., Liu, Z.G., Ma, W.J., Li, H.T., Li, M.Y., Wang, S. and Na, H., J. Power Sources, 2012, 201: 142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Miyatake, K., Chikashige, Y., Higuchi, E. and Watanabe, M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2007, 129: 3879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhang, Z.H., Wu, L. and Xu, T.W., J. Membr. Sci., 2011, 373: 160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang, C.Y., Shin, D.W., Lee, S.Y., Kang, N.R., Lee, Y.M. and Guiver, M.D., J. Membr. Sci., 2012, 405: 68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhang, Q., Gong, F.X., Zhang, S.B. and Li, S.H., J. Membr. Sci., 2011, 367: 166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gao, N., Zhang, F., Zhang, S.B. and Liu, J., J. Membr. Sci., 2011, 372: 49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang, F., Hickner, M., Kim, Y.S., Zawodzinski, T.Z. and McGrath, J.E., J. Membr. Sci., 2002, 197: 231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Spohr, E., Commer, P. and Kornyshev, A.A., J. Phys. Chem. B, 2002, 106: 10560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gebel, G., Polymer, 2000, 41(15): 5829CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Seesukphronrarak, S., Ohira, K., Kidena, K., Takimoto, N., Kuroda, C.S. and Ohira, A., Polymer, 2010, 51(3): 623CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Chemical Society, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-mei Wang
    • 1
  • Qi-feng Zhang (张奇峰)
    • 2
    Email author
  • Suo-bo Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringJilin Jianzhu UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Polymer Ecomaterials, Changchun Institute of Applied ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesChangchunChina

Personalised recommendations