Chinese Journal of Polymer Science

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 130–137 | Cite as

Nanofibrous mats with bird’s nest patterns by electrospinning

  • Xiang-yu Ye
  • Xiao-jun Huang
  • Zhi-kang Xu (徐志康)Email author


Electrospun material with bio-inspired ordered architectures and patterns is very interesting, yet remains a challenge. We report here that nanofibrous mats with bird’s nest patterned structures can be directly electrospun from chlorinated polypropylene solutions doped with an ionic liquid. The solution viscosity and the ionic liquid content are two dominant factors to influence the topological morphology of the nanofibrous mats. The patterned structures can be further modulated by the collection time of electrospinning, the humidity of environment and the design of collector. We suggest the electrostatic repulsion between the residual charges of the mat surface and the upcoming nanofibers plays a key role in the formation of the bird’s nest patterns.


Electrospinning Ionic liquid Patterned structures 


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Copyright information

© Chinese Chemical Society, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiang-yu Ye
    • 1
  • Xiao-jun Huang
    • 1
  • Zhi-kang Xu (徐志康)
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Department of Polymer Science and EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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