Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 363–377 | Cite as

Long-term ecological observatories needed to understand ecohydrological systems in the Anthropocene: a catchment-scale case study in Brittany, France

  • Zahra ThomasEmail author
  • Pauline Rousseau-Gueutin
  • Benjamin W. Abbott
  • Tamara Kolbe
  • Hugo Le Lay
  • Jean Marçais
  • François Rouault
  • Christophe Petton
  • Pascal Pichelin
  • Geneviève Le Hennaff
  • Hervé Squividant
  • Thierry Labasque
  • Jean-Raynald de Dreuzy
  • Luc Aquilina
  • Jacques Baudry
  • Gilles Pinay
Original Article


Over the last half century, humans have become the dominant force driving many of Earth’s cycles. Intensive agriculture has simultaneously increased nutrient loading of pastoral landscapes and decreased the capacity of these ecosystems to retain or remove excess nutrients. Widespread degradation of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems has triggered the establishment of ecological observatories, including the Zone Atelier Armorique (ZAAr) in western France, a part of the International Long-Term Socio-Ecological Research (LTSER) network. The ZAAr includes a patchwork of land covers and uses, including old-growth forests, intensively cultivated row crops, and ancient bocage fields surrounded by hedgerows. In addition to traditional ecological research at ZAAr, the last 8 years have seen the development of multiproxy and multiscale approaches to address surface and groundwater quality. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of this 8-year dataset, including vegetation, soil water storage, and stream and groundwater chemistry. We observed contrasting responses of different catchment components to climate forcing and direct disturbance. Our results highlight a clear relationship between land use and surface water quality, while groundwater quality appeared largely unrelated to land use, suggesting strong differences in aquifer nitrogen removal rates. There were large differences in nutrient fluxes among dry and wet years, with multiyear memory effects apparent for some parameters. Given such complex interactions, including emergent dynamics and decadal to centennial time lags, we conclude that multidimensional observations such as those supported by the ZAAr and other LTSER sites, are critical to understanding ecohydrological systems in the Anthropocene.


Long-term monitoring Anthropogenic forcing Land use Ecosystem vulnerability Ecosystem resilience Multiproxy Multiscale Heterogeneity 



This research was supported in part by the French National Research Agency (ANR; Project ANR-08-STRA-01) and the European Union Inter-national Training Network “Ecohydrological interfaces as critical hotspots for transformations of ecosystem exchange fluxes and biogeochemical cycling” (ITN–INTERFACES - FP7-PEOPLE-2013-No. 607150). This research was also supported by the French EC2CO grant “Caractérisation hydrologique et biogéochimique de la denitrification dans les paysages.” The study was supported by the LTSER “Zone Atelier Armorique.” We thank all the farmers of the ZAAr who kindly accepted the installation of the experiments in their fields. We also thank all the staff of the ILSTER Zone Atelier Armorique, especially the technicians of OSUR-INRA-AGROCAMPUS who helped in sampling and laboratory analysis.

Supplementary material

10113_2018_1444_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.2 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 2248 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahra Thomas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pauline Rousseau-Gueutin
    • 2
  • Benjamin W. Abbott
    • 3
  • Tamara Kolbe
    • 4
  • Hugo Le Lay
    • 1
  • Jean Marçais
    • 4
  • François Rouault
    • 1
  • Christophe Petton
    • 4
  • Pascal Pichelin
    • 1
  • Geneviève Le Hennaff
    • 1
  • Hervé Squividant
    • 1
  • Thierry Labasque
    • 4
  • Jean-Raynald de Dreuzy
    • 4
  • Luc Aquilina
    • 4
  • Jacques Baudry
    • 5
  • Gilles Pinay
    • 6
  2. 2.Rennes, Sorbonne Paris CitéEHESPParisFrance
  3. 3.Department of Plant and Wildlife SciencesBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  4. 4.Géosciences Rennes, UMR 6118 CNRSUniversité de Rennes 1, Campus de BeaulieuRennes CedexFrance
  5. 5.INRA, UMR 980, BAGAPRennesFrance
  6. 6.Irstea Lyon, RiverLyUniversity of LyonVilleurbanneFrance

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