Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 1133–1146 | Cite as

A framework for understanding climate change impacts on coral reef social–ecological systems

  • Joshua Eli CinnerEmail author
  • Morgan Stuart Pratchett
  • Nicholas Anthony James Graham
  • Vanessa Messmer
  • Mariana Menezes Prata Bezerra Fuentes
  • Tracy Ainsworth
  • Natalie Ban
  • Line Kolind Bay
  • Jessica Blythe
  • Delphine Dissard
  • Simon Dunn
  • Louisa Evans
  • Michael Fabinyi
  • Pedro Fidelman
  • Joana Figueiredo
  • Ashley John Frisch
  • Christopher John Fulton
  • Christina Chemtai Hicks
  • Vimoksalehi Lukoschek
  • Jennie Mallela
  • Aurelie Moya
  • Lucie Penin
  • Jodie Lynn Rummer
  • Stefan Walker
  • David Hall Williamson
Original Article


Corals and coral-associated species are highly vulnerable to the emerging effects of global climate change. The widespread degradation of coral reefs, which will be accelerated by climate change, jeopardizes the goods and services that tropical nations derive from reef ecosystems. However, climate change impacts to reef social–ecological systems can also be bi-directional. For example, some climate impacts, such as storms and sea level rise, can directly impact societies, with repercussions for how they interact with the environment. This study identifies the multiple impact pathways within coral reef social–ecological systems arising from four key climatic drivers: increased sea surface temperature, severe tropical storms, sea level rise and ocean acidification. We develop a novel framework for investigating climate change impacts in social–ecological systems, which helps to highlight the diverse impacts that must be considered in order to develop a more complete understanding of the impacts of climate change, as well as developing appropriate management actions to mitigate climate change impacts on coral reef and people.


Social–ecological Coral reef Climate change Multiple impacts 



This work was funded by the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, as part of an early career researcher development workshop.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joshua Eli Cinner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Morgan Stuart Pratchett
    • 1
  • Nicholas Anthony James Graham
    • 1
  • Vanessa Messmer
    • 1
  • Mariana Menezes Prata Bezerra Fuentes
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tracy Ainsworth
    • 1
  • Natalie Ban
    • 1
    • 3
  • Line Kolind Bay
    • 1
    • 4
  • Jessica Blythe
    • 1
    • 5
  • Delphine Dissard
    • 1
    • 6
  • Simon Dunn
    • 7
    • 8
  • Louisa Evans
    • 1
    • 9
  • Michael Fabinyi
    • 1
  • Pedro Fidelman
    • 1
    • 10
  • Joana Figueiredo
    • 1
    • 11
  • Ashley John Frisch
    • 1
  • Christopher John Fulton
    • 12
  • Christina Chemtai Hicks
    • 1
    • 13
  • Vimoksalehi Lukoschek
    • 1
  • Jennie Mallela
    • 14
    • 15
  • Aurelie Moya
    • 1
  • Lucie Penin
    • 1
    • 16
  • Jodie Lynn Rummer
    • 1
  • Stefan Walker
    • 1
  • David Hall Williamson
    • 1
  1. 1.ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef StudiesJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia
  2. 2.Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric ScienceFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  3. 3.School of Environmental StudiesUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  4. 4.Australian Institute of Marine ScienceTownsvilleAustralia
  5. 5.WorldFishHoniaraSolomon Islands
  6. 6.IRD-Sorbonne Universités (UPMC, Univ Paris 06)-CNRS-MNHN, LOCEAN LaboratoryIRD France-NordBondyFrance
  7. 7.ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef StudiesUniversity of QueenslandSt Lucia, BrisbaneAustralia
  8. 8.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of QueenslandSt Lucia, BrisbaneAustralia
  9. 9.Geography, College of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of ExeterExeterUK
  10. 10.Sustainability Research CentreUniversity of the Sunshine CoastMaroochydoreAustralia
  11. 11.Oceanographic CenterNova Southeastern UniversityDania BeachUSA
  12. 12.ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of BiologyThe Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  13. 13.Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford Woods Institute for the EnvironmentStanford UniversityMontereyUSA
  14. 14.ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Earth SciencesThe Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  15. 15.Research School of BiologyThe Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  16. 16.UMR 9220 UR CNRS IRD ENTROPIE - Ecologie mariNe TROpicale des océans Pacifique et IndiEnUniversity of Reunion IslandSaint-DenisFrance

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