Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 1189–1201 | Cite as

Perception of the effects of climate change in winter and summer tourist areas: the Pyrenees and the Catalan and Balearic coasts, Spain

Original Article


In this study, we compare the perception of climate change in two different tourist settings of northeastern Spain: the Catalan Pyrenees and the Catalan Mediterranean coast and the Balearic Islands. We carried out a survey of 906 cases (506 in the coastal areas of Catalonia and the Balearic Islands and 400 in the Catalan Pyrenees) asking residents on those areas to assess the possible effects of climate change on tourist-related activities. While the existence of climate change and of its estimated impacts is widely accepted, we observe statistically significant differences in most of the questions between residents in the coastal areas and residents in the Pyrenees. In general terms, respondents from the Pyrenees display a much higher concern regarding the economic impacts of climate change on tourism. On the other hand, the results also show that some demographic groups, such as women, members of large households, or unemployed, tend to present higher levels of concern. This study may give new hints on which tourist modalities and which groups are more concerned for the impacts of climate change in Mediterranean tourist environments and could translate into more targeted adaptive and mitigation practices.


Pyrenees Beach tourism Winter tourism Climate change Perception Demographic groups 



Financial support for this research was provided by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain under Juan de la Cierva Grant (JCI-2011-10709), the Spanish CICYT under Grants CSO2009-12772-03-01, CSO2009-12772-03-03 and CSO2012-36997-C02-01 and the ESPON-Climate Project (European Union). We would like to thank Francesc Romagosa, Sylvia Kruse, the editors and two anonymous referees for commenting on early versions of the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hug March
    • 1
  • David Saurí
    • 2
  • Joan Carles Llurdés
    • 2
  1. 1.Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3)Universitat Oberta de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Departament de GeografiaUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBellaterraSpain

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