Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 1801–1810 | Cite as

Trends in seasonal precipitation and temperature in Slovenia during 1951–2007

  • Martin de Luis
  • Katarina Čufar
  • Miguel Angel Saz
  • Luis Alberto Longares
  • Andrej Ceglar
  • Lučka Kajfež-Bogataj
Original Article


A quality-controlled and enhanced database of 38 temperature and 52 precipitation stations was developed for Slovenia, a transitional area between Mediterranean, Alpine and continental climatic regimes, covering the period 1951–2007. Mean annual temperatures significantly increased in nearly all of Slovenia (except western areas) at rates between 0.15 and 0.36 °C/decade. Warming was most intense strongest in summer and spring in north-eastern Slovenia (0.3–0.4 °C/decade) and weakest in autumn. Precipitation trends were heterogeneous. Annual precipitation decreased significantly in the north-western part, at 3–6 % per decade. During spring and summer, decrease in rainfall by 3–6 % was detected in western Slovenia. No significant trends were found for the autumn season. In winter, precipitation decreased, by 3–12 % per decade, in particular in north-western Slovenia. As observed also elsewhere in Central Europe, changes in large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns may have contributed to the observed long-term warming and drying in Slovenia. However, the strong warming in summer and spring, that is almost twice the trend observed in neighbouring countries, could be enhanced by drier soils caused by the decrease in winter precipitation in Slovenia.


Seasonal temperature Seasonal precipitation Climate database Mediterranean climate 



Climatic and phenological data were provided by the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia within the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning. The work was supported by the Slovenian Research Agency, programs P4-0015 and P4-0085, by projects GA-LC-031/2010 (DGA-La Caixa), Ibercaja-University of Zaragoza: UZ2011-HUM-01 and Gobierno Regional de Aragón DGA, Grupo de Investigación Consolidado ‘Clima, Agua, Cambio Global y Sistemas Naturales’ (BOA 69, 11-06-2007).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin de Luis
    • 1
  • Katarina Čufar
    • 2
  • Miguel Angel Saz
    • 1
  • Luis Alberto Longares
    • 1
  • Andrej Ceglar
    • 3
  • Lučka Kajfež-Bogataj
    • 3
  1. 1.Department GeographyUniversity of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Wood Science and Technology, Biotechnical FacultyUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.Agronomy Department, Biotechnical FacultyUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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