Cognition, Technology & Work

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 158–164

Adaptive leadership in trauma resuscitation teams: a grounded theory approach to video analysis

  • Yan Xiao
  • F. Jacob Seagull
  • Colin F. Mackenzie
  • Katherine Klein
Original Article

Abstract

The detailed analysis of team interactions can be a source of insight into team processes and how teams interact with technology. Video recordings afford an exciting medium for such analysis. We describe a study of team leadership in the highly dynamic, high-stakes environment of trauma resuscitation. The study was conducted through video recording team activities in actual work settings and analysing the video data using a grounded theory approach. The primary research questions were: what are the functions of team leadership and how do they vary according to task situations? A corpus of 152 video segments from 18 trauma patient resuscitation cases was compiled to address these research questions. A catalog of team leadership functions was developed, along with a categorisation of the task situations in which team leadership occurred. The implications of this catalog and the mapping between leadership and task situations are discussed in relation to the findings from an interview study and a survey study on team leadership. The methodological advantages of a grounded theory approach for in-context video analysis for studying work are also discussed.

Keywords

Leadership Team performance Qualitative methods Video analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan Xiao
    • 1
  • F. Jacob Seagull
    • 1
  • Colin F. Mackenzie
    • 1
  • Katherine Klein
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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