Journal of Geographical Systems

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 411–428 | Cite as

An integrated representation of spatial and temporal relationships between evolving regions

  • Christophe Claramunt
  • Bin Jiang


 The study of relationships between evolving regions within GIS still needs the development of operators that integrate the spatial and temporal dimensions. This paper introduces a new approach that combines topological relationships between regions in 2-dimensional space with temporal relationships between convex intervals in time. Resulting relationships are defined and visually presented within a 3-dimensional space that integrates the geographical space as a 2-dimensional space and the time line as the third dimension. Conceptual neighbourhoods are identified and extended by the concept of semi-transitions and transitions. Such a flexible framework presents the advantage of being derived from accepted relationships in both space and time. Its computational implementation is therefore compatible with current spatial and temporal GIS models.

Key words: GIS, time, space, relationships 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christophe Claramunt
    • 1
  • Bin Jiang
    • 2
  1. 1.Naval Academy, Lanvéoc-Poulmic, BP 600, 29 240 Brest, France (e-mail:
  2. 2.Division of Geomatics, Institutionen för Teknik, University of Gävle, SE-801 76 Gävle, Sweden (e-mail:

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