Journal of Geographical Systems

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 189–208

Comparing the fractality of European urban neighbourhoods: do national contexts matter?

  • Isabelle Thomas
  • Pierre Frankhauser
  • Dominique Badariotti
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10109-010-0142-4

Cite this article as:
Thomas, I., Frankhauser, P. & Badariotti, D. J Geogr Syst (2012) 14: 189. doi:10.1007/s10109-010-0142-4


The objective of this paper is to show that morphological similarities between built-up urban surfaces are greater across borders than within cities in Europe: living, architectural and planning trends are international. The spatial arrangement of built-up areas is analysed here by means of fractal indices using a set of 97 town sections selected from 18 European urban agglomerations. The fractal dimension is estimated by correlation techniques. Results confirm that morphological similarities are higher across countries/cities than within. Moreover, two types of fractal laws are considered: one uses the basic fractal scaling law; the other introduces a prefactor a that is often called a “form factor” in the fractal literature. Differences in the results obtained by both laws are explained empirically as well as theoretically, and suggestions are made for further measurements.


Fractal analysis Urban planning Morphology Europe 

JEL Classification

C1  R14 O2 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabelle Thomas
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pierre Frankhauser
    • 3
  • Dominique Badariotti
    • 4
  1. 1.CORE (Centre of Operations Research and Econometrics) and Department of GeographyU.C.LLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  2. 2.National Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS)BrusselsBelgium
  3. 3.THEMA (CNRS UMR 6049)Université de Franche-ComtéBesançonFrance
  4. 4.Laboratoire Image Ville Environnement (CNRS UMR 7230)Université de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance

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