Lasers in Medical Science

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 289–295 | Cite as

Cerebral Vascular Effects of Non-invasive Laserneedles Measured by Transorbital and Transtemporal Doppler Sonography

  • G. Litscher
  • D. Schikora
Regular Article



Laserneedles represent a new non-invasive optical stimulation method which is described for the first time in this paper. We investigated 27 healthy volunteers (mean age±SD: 25.15±4.12 years; range: 21–38 years; 14 female, 13 male) in a randomised cross-over trial to study differences between laserneedle acupuncture and manual needle acupuncture in specific cerebral parameters. Mean blood flow velocity (vm) showed specific and significant increases in the ophthalmic artery during laserneedle stimulation (p=0.01) and during manual needle stimulation (p<0.001) at vision-related acupoints. At the same time insignificant alterations in vm were found in the middle cerebral artery for both acupuncture methods. The eight laserneedles used in this study were arranged at the end of the optical fibres. Each fibre was connected to a semiconductor laser diode emitting at 685 nm with a primary output power of about 55 mW. Optical stimulation using properly adjusted laserneedles has the advantage that the stimulation can hardly be felt by the patient and the operator may also be unaware of whether the laserneedle system is active, and therefore true double blind studies in acupuncture research can be performed.

Keywords: Acupuncture; Blood flow velocity; Computer-controlled laserpuncture (CCL); Laser; Laserneedle; Middle cerebral artery; Ophthalmic artery; Transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD); 685 nm 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Litscher
    • 1
  • D. Schikora
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Engineering and Research in Anesthesia and Critical Care, University of Graz, AustriaAT
  2. 2.Department of Physics and Optoelectronic, University of Paderborn, GermanyDE

Personalised recommendations