The effect of LED on blood microcirculation during chronic wound healing in diabetic and non-diabetic patients—a prospective, double-blind randomized study
Chronic wounds, especially in diabetic patients, represent a challenging health issue. Since standard treatment protocols often do not provide satisfactory results, additional treatment methods—like phototherapy using low-level light therapy—are being investigated. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of phototherapy with light-emitting diodes on chronic wound treatment in diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Since a sufficient blood supply is mandatory for wound healing, the evaluation of microcirculation in the healthy skin at a wound’s edge was the main outcome measure. Forty non-diabetic patients and 39 diabetics with lower limb chronic wounds who were referred to the University Medical Center Ljubljana between October 2012 and June 2014 were randomized to the treated and control groups. The treated group received phototherapy with LED 2.4 J/cm2 (wavelengths 625, 660, 850 nm) three times a week for 8 weeks, and the control group received phototherapy with broadband 580–900 nm and power density 0.72 J/cm2. Microcirculation was measured using laser Doppler. A significant increase in blood flow was noted in the treated group of diabetic and non-diabetic patients (p = 0.040 and p = 0.033), while there was no difference in the control groups. Additional Falanga wound bed score evaluation showed a significant improvement in both treated groups as compared to the control group. According to our results, phototherapy with LED was shown to be an effective additional treatment method for chronic wounds in diabetic and non-diabetic patients.
KeywordsLow-level light therapy LED Microcirculation Chronic wound
- 1.Kilík R, Lakyová L, Sabo J, Kruzliak P, Lacjaková K, Vasilenko T, Vidová M, Longauer F, Radoňak J (2014) Effect of equal daily doses achieved by different power densities of low-level laser therapy at 635 nm on open skin wound healing in normal and diabetic rats. Biomed Res Int 2014:269253. doi:10.1155/2014/269253 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 16.Ferraresi C, Dos Santos RV, Marques G, Zangrande M, Leonaldo R, Hamblin MR, Bagnato VS, Parizotto NA (2015) Light-emitting diode therapy (LEDT) before matches prevents increase in creatine kinase with a light dose response in volleyball players. Lasers Med Sci 30:1281–1287. doi:10.1007/s10103-015-1728-3 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 21.Whelan HT, Smits RL Jr, Buchman EV, Whelan NT, Turner SG, Margolis DA, Cevenini V, Stinson H, Ignatius R, Martin T, Cwiklinski J, Philippi AF, Graf WR, Hodgson B, Gould L, Kane M, Chen G, Caviness J (2001) Effect of NASA light-emitting diode irradiation on wound healing. J Clin Laser Med Surg 19:305–314CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 22.Whelan HT, Houle JM, Whelan NT, Donohoe DL, Cwiklinski J, Schmidt MH, Gould LJ, Larson DL, Meyer GA, Cevenini V, Stinson H (2000) The NASA light-emitting diode medical program—progress in space flight and terrestrial applications. Space Technol Appl Int Forum 504:37–43. doi:10.1063/1.1302454 Google Scholar
- 32.Kaviani A, Djavid GE, Ataie-Fashtami L, Fateh M, Ghodsi M, Salami M, Zand N, Kashef N, Larijani B (2011) A randomized clinical trial on the effect of low-level laser therapy on chronic diabetic foot wound healing: a preliminary report. Photomed Laser Surg 29:109–114. doi:10.1089/pho.2009.2680 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar