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Lasers in Medical Science

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 231–236 | Cite as

Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in human progressive-intensity running: effects on exercise performance, skeletal muscle status, and oxidative stress

  • Thiago De Marchi
  • Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal Junior
  • Celiana Bortoli
  • Shaiane Silva Tomazoni
  • Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes-Martins
  • Mirian SalvadorEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on exercise performance, oxidative stress, and muscle status in humans. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled crossover trial was performed with 22 untrained male volunteers. LLLT (810 nm, 200 mW, 30 J in each site, 30 s of irradiation in each site) using a multi-diode cluster (with five spots - 6 J from each spot) at 12 sites of each lower limb (six in quadriceps, four in hamstrings, and two in gastrocnemius) was performed 5 min before a standardized progressive-intensity running protocol on a motor-drive treadmill until exhaustion. We analyzed exercise performance (VO2 max, time to exhaustion, aerobic threshold and anaerobic threshold), levels of oxidative damage to lipids and proteins, the activities of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), and the markers of muscle damage creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Compared to placebo, active LLLT significantly increased exercise performance (VO2 max p = 0.01; time to exhaustion, p = 0.04) without changing the aerobic and anaerobic thresholds. LLLT also decreased post-exercise lipid (p = 0.0001) and protein (p = 0.0230) damages, as well as the activities of SOD (p = 0.0034), CK (p = 0.0001) and LDH (p = 0.0001) enzymes. LLLT application was not able to modulate CAT activity. The use of LLLT before progressive-intensity running exercise increases exercise performance, decreases exercise-induced oxidative stress and muscle damage, suggesting that the modulation of the redox system by LLLT could be related to the delay in skeletal muscle fatigue observed after the use of LLLT.

Keywords

LLLT Progressive-intensity exercise Oxidative stress Muscle damage 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the volunteers who participated in the study, the staff of the Laboratories of Oxidative Stress and Antioxidants and the Sports Medicine Institute, especially Juliano Augusto Ziembowicz and Luciana Maria Machado. We also thank the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES-Brazil) and Caxias do Sul University for their support.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thiago De Marchi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal Junior
    • 3
  • Celiana Bortoli
    • 1
  • Shaiane Silva Tomazoni
    • 4
  • Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes-Martins
    • 3
    • 4
  • Mirian Salvador
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Oxidative Stress and Antioxidants, Institute of BiotechnologyUniversity of Caxias do SulCaxias do SulBrazil
  2. 2.Sports Medicine Institute and Laboratory of Human MovementUniversity of Caxias do SulCaxias do SulBrazil
  3. 3.Post Graduate Program in Rehabilitation SciencesNove de Julho University (UNINOVE)São PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Laboratory of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences (ICB)University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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