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Lasers in Medical Science

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 781–792 | Cite as

Laser phototherapy in the treatment of periodontal disease. A review

  • Carlos de Paula Eduardo
  • Patricia Moreira de Freitas
  • Marcella Esteves-Oliveira
  • Ana Cecília Corrêa Aranha
  • Karen Müller Ramalho
  • Alyne Simões
  • Marina Stella Bello-Silva
  • Jan Tunér
Review Article

Abstract

Many studies in the literature address the effect of low-power lasers in the management of pathologies related to periodontal tissues. Due to the lack of standardized information and the absence of a consensus, this review presents the current status of laser phototherapy (LPT) in periodontics and discusses its benefits and limits in the treatment of periodontal disease. The literature was searched for reviews and original research articles relating to LPT and periodontal disease. The articles were selected using either electronic search engines or manual tracing of the references cited in key papers. The literature search retrieved references on wound and bone healing, analgesia, hypersensitivity, inflammatory process and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy. Each topic is individually addressed in this review. The current literature suggests that LPT is effective in modulating different periodontal disease aspects in vitro, in animals, and in simple clinical models. Further development of this therapy is now dependent on new clinical trials with more complex study designs.

Keywords

Low-power laser Photodynamic therapy Phototherapy Periodontal disease 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to express their gratitude to the Special Laboratory of Lasers in Dentistry (LELO), University of São Paulo (Brazil), and to CNPq (303798/2005-0 and 305574/2008-6) and FAPESP (CEPID – 98/14270-8) for financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos de Paula Eduardo
    • 1
  • Patricia Moreira de Freitas
    • 1
  • Marcella Esteves-Oliveira
    • 2
  • Ana Cecília Corrêa Aranha
    • 1
  • Karen Müller Ramalho
    • 1
  • Alyne Simões
    • 3
  • Marina Stella Bello-Silva
    • 1
  • Jan Tunér
    • 4
  1. 1.Special Laboratory of Lasers in Dentistry (LELO), Department of Restorative DentistrySchool of Dentistry of the University of São Paulo (USP)São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Conservative Dentistry, Periodontology and Preventive DentistryRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  3. 3.Department of Dental Materials, Oral Biology Research CenterSchool of Dentistry of the University of São Paulo (USP)São PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Swedish Laser Medical SocietyGrangesbergSweden

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