Economics of Governance

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 101–134

Does government ideology influence budget composition? Empirical evidence from OECD countries

Original Paper


This paper examines whether government ideology has influenced the allocation of public expenditures in OECD countries. I analyze two datasets that report different expenditure categories and cover the time periods 1970–1997 and 1990–2006, respectively. The results suggest that government ideology has had a rather weak influence on the composition of governments’ budgets. Leftist governments, however, increased spending on “Public Services” in the period 1970–1997 and on “Education” in the period 1990–2006. These findings imply, first, that government ideology hardly influenced budgetary affairs in the last decades, and thus, if ideology plays a role at all, it influences non-budgetary affairs. Second, education has become an important expenditure category for leftist parties to signal their political visions to voters belonging to all societal groups.


Budget composition Public expenditures Government ideology Partisan politics Education policy Panel data 

JEL Classification

D72 H50 H61 I28 C23 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of KonstanzKonstanzGermany

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