Cleaner Production assessment for sea cucumber aquaculture: methodology and case studies in Dalian, China

  • Haochen Hou
  • Shuai Shao
  • Yun ZhangEmail author
  • Delin Sun
  • Qiuying Yang
  • Chenglu Qin
  • Xiaoyang Sun
Original Paper


With the rapid increase in sea cucumber aquaculture productions, numerous environmental pollution challenges have emerged in China. It is necessary to implement Cleaner Production (CP) assessment in sea cucumber aquaculture industry to facilitate sustainable development. CP indicator system could be a useful reference resource for enterprises to implement CP strategy and select appropriate CP technologies. Therefore, a CP indicator system was established for the first time in sea cucumber aquaculture industry and the suitability of production area as a first-grade indicator was first incorporated into the CP assessment framework in this study. Two enterprises as case studies in Dalian, China, were selected, and a synthetic assessment model was developed using Delphi method, analytic hierarchy process, and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. The results show that two enterprises are at a CP average level while that of enterprise X is higher than that of enterprise Y. Moreover, the detailed CP improvement measures for two enterprises were proposed based on the assessment results. The works in this study could provide a useful reference to implement CP in sea cucumber aquaculture industry and other aquaculture industries in China.

Graphic abstract


Cleaner Production Sea cucumber aquaculture Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation Analytic hierarchy process 



The authors warmly thank professor Tong Liu for the technical support for CP assessment indicator system.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haochen Hou
    • 1
  • Shuai Shao
    • 1
  • Yun Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Delin Sun
    • 1
  • Qiuying Yang
    • 1
  • Chenglu Qin
    • 1
  • Xiaoyang Sun
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering (MOE), School of Environmental Science and TechnologyDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

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