Advertisement

Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 21, Issue 5, pp 967–985 | Cite as

A circular economy and industrial ecology toolbox for developing an eco-industrial park: perspectives from French policy

  • Jean-Pierre BelaudEmail author
  • Cyril Adoue
  • Claire Vialle
  • Antoine Chorro
  • Caroline Sablayrolles
Original Paper
  • 151 Downloads

Abstract

The twentieth century was characterized by an increase in research studies concerning the interactions between economic system growth and environmental deterioration issues. Faced with this background, circular economy (CE) and its industrial ecology (IE) pillar seem to be an efficient way to achieve sustainable development within the industrial sector. IE consists of optimizing the networking among industries by using energy and material exchange, which are generated from by-products and waste stocks. It aims to improve the environmental potentialities of integrated clusters called eco-industrial parks (EIPs). Policy in the European Union countries and in French territories has positively influenced such EIP implementation by the establishment of a set of measures to develop the industrial symbiosis performances. The present paper reviews the key drivers to identify the methods and tools to integrate the life cycle thinking approach that defines the following five phases: design, layout, commercialization, operating and renewal phases. A toolbox for developing an EIP from scratch according to French policy is developed and discussed. This study defines a framework involving a factual eco-industrial park and network. The industrial application is a new EIP, namely “Les Portes du Tarn”. It is located in the south of France and acts as an experimental field. The paper provides current results for commercialization and operating, including a model of an organizational process, a decision-making process, information technology tools and systems to manage sustainable development. It highlights the CE and IE challenges surrounding enhancing the social acceptability of an industrial park project through adaptation of a relevant governance model and establishment of a continuing collaborative context and trust relationship between diverse actors. The first candidate companies’ achievements are discussed and demonstrate the first benefits of toolbox. The paper delivers a toolbox, feedback and some good practices to support the development of EIP project from greenfield.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Circular economy Industrial ecology Sustainable development Industrial symbiosis Urban planning Life cycle thinking 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank ADEME, the French environment and energy management agency, for the financial support of COPREI research project (Convention No. 15-81-C0031).

Supplementary material

10098_2019_1677_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.2 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1223 kb)

References

  1. ADEME (2017) http://www.ademe.fr/expertises/economie-circulaire. Accessed 18 Feb 2019
  2. Adoue C (2010) Implementing industrial ecology: methodological tools and reflections for constructing a sustainable development. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adoue C, Sablayrolles C, Vialle C, Chorro A, Belaud JP (2015) Industrial symbiosis in industrial ecosystems preliminary design and layout. In: 7th International conference on life cycle management 2015, September 2015, Bordeaux, FranceGoogle Scholar
  4. Adoue C, Chorro A, Belaud JP (2018) Intégrer l’économie circulaire dans un projet de parc d’activités - Eléments méthodologiques et outils issus du projet de recherche COPREI, white paper, June 2018, version 1.1. http://www.portesdutarn.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/PORTESDUTARN_Livre-Blanc-COPREI.pdf. Accessed 18 Feb 2019
  5. Agarwal A, Strachan P (2006) Literature review on eco-industrial development initiatives around the world and the methods employed to evaluate their performance/effectiveness. Report for Databuild. The Robert Gordon UniversityGoogle Scholar
  6. Behera SK, Kim JH, Lee SY, Suh S, Park HS (2012) Evolution of ‘designed’ industrial symbiosis networks in the Ulsan Eco-industrial Park: ‘research and development into businesses as the enabling framework. J Clean Prod 29–30:103–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Belaud JP, Negny S, Dupros F, Michéa D, Vautrin B (2014) Collaborative simulation and scientific big data analysis: Illustration for sustainability in natural hazards management and chemical process engineering. Comput Ind 65(3):521–535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Boons F, Spekkink W, Mouzakitis Y (2011) The dynamics of industrial symbiosis: a proposal for a conceptual framework based upon a comprehensive literature review. J Clean Prod 19(9–10):905–911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bourg D, Erkman S (2003) Perspectives on industrial ecology. Greenleaf Publishing, SheffieldGoogle Scholar
  10. Ceglia D, Sá Cavalcanti, de Abreu M, Da Silva Lázaro, Filho JC (2017) Critical elements for eco-retrofitting a conventional industrial park: social barriers to be overcome. J Environ Manage 187:375–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chertow MR (2000) Industrial symbiosis: literature and taxonomy. Annu Rev Energy Environ 25:313–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chertow MR (2007) Uncovering industrial symbiosis. J Ind Ecol 11(1):11–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cohen-Rosenthal E, Musnikow J (eds) (2003) Eco-industrial strategies: unleashing synergy between economic development and the environment. Greenleaf Publishing, Austin, pp 14–29Google Scholar
  14. Commission European (2011) Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe, Communication from the commission to the European parliament, the council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the committee of the regions. European Commission, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  15. Costa I, Massard G, Agarwal A (2010) Waste management policies for industrial symbiosis development: case studies in European countries. J Clean Prod 18(8):815–822CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Côté RP, Cohen-Rosenthal E (1998) Designing eco-industrial parks: a synthesis of some experiences. J Clean Prod 6:181–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Deutz P, Gibbs D (2008) Industrial ecology and regional development: eco-industrial development as cluster policy. Reg Stud 42(10):1313–1328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dumesnil F, Ouellet C (2002) La réhabilitation des friches industrielles: un pas vers la ville viable? VertigO-La revue électronique en sciences de l’environnement, vol 3(2), October 2002, http://journals.openedition.org/vertigo/3812. Accessed 18 Feb 2019
  19. Eco-Innovera (2012) International survey on eco-innovation parks, Report complete versionGoogle Scholar
  20. Ellen Macarthur Foundation (2015) Towards a circular economy: business rationale for an accelerated transition. Ellen Macarthur Foundation, Cowes, pp 3–4Google Scholar
  21. Erkman S (1997) Industrial ecology: an historical view. J Clean Prod 5(1–2):1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fei Y, Feng H, Zhaojie C (2014) Evolution of industrial symbiosis in an eco-industrial park in China. J Clean Prod 87:339–374Google Scholar
  23. Frosch RA, Gallopoulos NE (1989) Strategies for manufacturing. Sci Am 261:144–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Geng Y, Zhang P, Cote R, Fujita T (2008) Assessment of the national ecoindustrial park standard for promoting industrial symbiosis in China. J Ind Ecol 13(1):15–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Geng Y, Fujita T, Park HS, Chiu ASF, Huisingh D (2015) Recent progress on innovative eco-industrial development. J Clean Prod 114:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gibbs D, Deutz P (2007) Reflections on implementing industrial ecology through eco-industrial park development. J Clean Prod Mater Flow Anal Mater Flow Manag 15(17):1683–1695Google Scholar
  27. Grant GB, Seager TP, Massard G, Nies L (2010) Information and communication technology for industrial symbiosis. J Ind Ecol 14(5):740–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Heeres RR, Vermeulen WJV, De Walle FB (2004) Eco-industrial park initiatives in the USA and the Netherlands: first lessons. J Clean Prod Appl Ind Ecol 12:985–995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Heintz J, Belaud JP, Gerbaud V (2014) Chemical enterprise model and decision-making framework for sustainable chemical product design. Comput Ind 65:505–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Krausmann F, Gingrich S, Eisenmenger N, Erb KH, Haberl H, Fischer-Kowalski M (2009) Growth in global materials use, GDP and population during the 20th century. Ecol Econ 68(10):2696–2705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kuznetsova E, Zio E, Farel R (2016) A methodological framework for eco-industrial park design and optimization. J Clean Prod 126:308–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Les Portes du Tarn (2018) http://www.portesdutarn.fr. Accessed 18 Feb 2019
  33. Liu W, Tian J, Chen L, Lu W, Gao Y (2015) Environmental performance analysis of eco-industrial parks in China: a data envelopment analysis approach. J Ind Ecol 19(6):1070–1081CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Loiseau E, Roux P, Junqua G, Maurel P, Bellon-Maurel V (2014) Implementation of an adapted LCA framework to environmental assessment of a territory: important learning points from a French Mediterranean case study. J Clean Prod 80:17–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Lombardi R, Laybourn P (2012) Redefining industrial symbiosis: crossing academic-practitioner boundaries. J Ind Ecol 16(1):28–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lowe EA (2001) Eco-industrial park handbook for Asian developing countries. A report to Asian Development Bank. Environment Department, Indigo Development, Oakland, CAGoogle Scholar
  37. Mattila T, Lehtoranta S, Sokka L, Melanen M, Nissinen A (2012) Methodological aspects of applying life cycle assessment to industrial symbioses. J Ind Ecol 16(1):51–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Oh DS, Kim KB, Jeong SY (2005) Eco-industrial park design: a Daedeok Technovalley case study. Habitat Int 2:269–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Okoli C, Pawlowski SD (2004) The Delphi method as a research tool: an example, design considerations and applications. Inf Manag 42(1):15–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Orée (2016) Le receuil des démarches d’écologie industrielle et territoriale, March 2016, http://www.oree.org/_script/ntsp-document-file_download.php?document_id=3865&document_file_id=3956. Accessed 18 Feb 2019
  41. Pan M, Sikorski J, Akoyd J, Mosbach S, Lau R, Kraft M (2016) Design technologies for eco-industrial parks: from unit operations to processes, plants and industrial networks. Appl Energy 175:305–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Park HS, Behera SK (2013) Methodological aspects of applying eco-efficiency indicators to industrial symbiosis networks. J Clean Prod 64:478–485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. PCSD (1997) Presidents council on sustainable development, eco-industrial park workshop. In: Eco-industrial park workshop (October 17–18, 1996). Cape Charles, Virginia. https://clintonwhitehouse2.archives.gov/PCSD/Publications/Eco_Workshop.html. Accessed 18 Feb 2019
  44. Roberts BH (2004) The application of industrial ecology principles and planning guidelines for the development of eco-industrial parks: an Australian case study. J Clean Prod Appl Ind Ecol 12(8–10):997–1010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Satoshi O, Huijuan D, Yong G, Minoru F, Tsuyoshi F (2016) A comprehensive evaluation on industrial & urban symbiosis by combining MFA, carbon footprint and emergy methods—case of Kawasaki, Japan. J Clean Prod 73:514–515Google Scholar
  46. Schiller F, Penn AS, Basson L (2014) Analyzing networks in industrial ecology e a review of social-material network analyses. J Clean Prod 76:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Shi H, Tian J, Chen L (2012) China’s quest for eco-industrial parks, part I: history and distinctiveness. J Ind Ecol 16(1):8–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Simon HA (1960) The new science of management decision: the Ford distinguished lectures. Harper and Row, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Song M, Guan Y, Wang J, Zhao J (2016) Evaluation of urban industrial ecological transformation in China. Clean Technol Environ Policy 18(8):2649–2662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Taddeo R (2016) Local industrial systems towards the eco-industrial parks: the model of the ecologically equipped industrial areas. J Clean Prod 131:189–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. United Nations (2013) World population prospect: the 2012 revision. United Nations, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  52. Valenzuela-Venegas G, Salgado JC, Díaz-Alvarado FA (2016) Sustainability indicators for the assessment of eco-industrial parks: classification and criteria for selection. J Clean Prod 133:99–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Veleva V, Todorova S, Lowitt P, Angus N, Neely D (2015) Understanding and addressing business needs and sustainability challenges: lessons from Devens eco-industrial park. J Clean Prod 87:375–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Vivien FD, Dannequin F, Diemer A (2000) Industrielle ou politique? Quelle écologie pour le développement durable ? In: Industrial ecology and sustainability: proceedings, Troyes/ICASTGoogle Scholar
  55. Yedla S, Park HS (2017) Eco-industrial networking for sustainable development: review of issues and development strategies. Clean Technol Environ Policy 19(2):391–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Yong G, Tsuyoshi F, Hung-suck P, Anthony SFC, Donald H (2015) Recent progress on innovative eco-industrial development. J Clean Prod 144:1–10Google Scholar
  57. Zhao H, Zhao H, Guo S (2016) Evaluating the comprehensive benefit of eco-industrial parks by employing multi-criteria decision making approach for circular economy. J Clean Prod 142:2262–2276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Zhe L, Yong G, Sergio U, Hung-Suck P, Fujita T, Hui W (2015) Uncovering key factors influencing one industrial park’s sustainability: a combined evaluation method of emergy analysis and index decomposition analysis. J Clean Prod 114:141–149Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Génie ChimiqueUniversité de Toulouse, CNRSToulouseFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-industrielleUniversité de Toulouse, INRAToulouseFrance
  3. 3.SPLA81 Les Portes du TarnAlbiFrance
  4. 4.InddigoToulouseFrance

Personalised recommendations