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Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 18, Issue 8, pp 2347–2361 | Cite as

Review of microalgae growth in palm oil mill effluent for lipid production

  • Rosnani Resdi
  • Jeng Shiun LimEmail author
  • Hesam Kamyab
  • Chew Tin Lee
  • Haslenda Hashim
  • Nadzirah Mohamad
  • Wai Shin Ho
Review

Abstract

Wastewater treatment using microalgae is an eco-friendly process without secondary pollution. During the process, the wastewater produced is reused, which allows efficient nutrient recycling. This review provides constructive information to enable progress of competent technology for microalgae based productions in palm oil mill effluent (POME). The characteristics of POME that will be described in this paper would be a source of pollution in water if discharged directly. Since microalgae have great potential to be isolated and cultivated in POME, previous studies to improve POME based culture media are still limited. Microalgae are highly competent in diminishing CO2 emissions and reducing the organic components in POME. In conclusion, biological treatments by using microalgae discussed in this paper and the lipid production from microalgae biomass can be used as an alternative for energy production. The POME treatment with microalgae may meet the standards or limits before being discharged into the water body.

Keywords

POME Microalgae Lipid Biofuel 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the funding provided for this work by Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) under research Grant R.J130000.7809.4F618.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosnani Resdi
    • 1
  • Jeng Shiun Lim
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hesam Kamyab
    • 2
  • Chew Tin Lee
    • 1
  • Haslenda Hashim
    • 1
  • Nadzirah Mohamad
    • 1
  • Wai Shin Ho
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemical and Energy Engineering, Process Systems Engineering Centre (PROSPECT), Research Institute for Sustainable EnvironmentUniversiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)Johor BahruMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Centre for Environmental Sustainability and Water Security (IPASA), Research Institute for Sustainable EnvironmentUniversiti Tteknologi Malaysia (UTM)JohorMalaysia

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