Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 705–715 | Cite as

Effective removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution using a new magnetic iron oxide nanosorbent prepared by combustion synthesis

  • Cornelia Păcurariu
  • Oana Paşka
  • Robert Ianoş
  • Simona Gabriela Muntean
Original Paper


A magnetic iron oxide nanopowder (MnP) prepared by a new combustion technique was characterized and tested as adsorbent for methylene blue (MB) removal from aqueous solution. The effects of pH, adsorbent dose, initial dye concentration, contact time, and temperature on the amount of MB adsorbed were studied. The adsorption kinetics were described by a pseudo-second-order model, and the equilibrium experimental data were well fitted to the Langmuir isotherm, yielding a maximum adsorption capacity of 25.54 mg g−1. The adsorption mechanism is governed by electrostatic forces and is highly dependent on the pH. The MnP adsorbent demonstrated excellent stability, showing good removal efficiency even after eight cycles of reuse, suggesting its potential large-scale application for the removal and recovery of MB from wastewater.


Adsorption Iron oxide Magnetic nanopowders Methylene blue 



For Simona Gabriela Muntean, this work was supported by Program 3 of Institute of Chemistry Timisoara of Romanian Academy (Research Project 3.4.).

Supplementary material

10098_2015_1041_MOESM1_ESM.tif (7.8 mb)
Fig. S1 Plots of t/q t versus t for the adsorption of MB onto MnP adsorbent at 25, 45 and 60ºC (TIFF 7943 kb)
10098_2015_1041_MOESM2_ESM.tif (7.8 mb)
Fig. S2 Intraparticle kinetic model fitting for the adsorption of MB onto MnP adsorbent at 25, 45 and 60ºC (TIFF 7943 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cornelia Păcurariu
    • 1
  • Oana Paşka
    • 1
  • Robert Ianoş
    • 1
  • Simona Gabriela Muntean
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Industrial Chemistry and Environmental EngineeringPolitehnica University TimişoaraTimisoaraRomania
  2. 2.Institute of Chemistry Timisoara of Romanian AcademyTimisoaraRomania

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