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Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 1103–1110 | Cite as

Heterogeneous catalysis for biodiesel synthesis and valorization of glycerol

  • Dheerendra Singh
  • Anuradda Ganesh
  • Sanjay MahajaniEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

In the present work, heterogeneous catalysts in the synthesis of biodiesel, glycerol-based chemicals i.e., mono-glyceride, glycerol carbonate and di-methyl carbonate are explored. Use of heterogeneous catalysts can make the production process cost-effective and environment-friendly. We evaluated three catalysts viz. ZnO/Zeolite, PbO/Zeolite, and MgO for the above mentioned syntheses. The conversion of jatropha oil and the yield of biodiesel on ZnO/zeolite were found to be around 100 and 93.8 %, respectively, at optimum reaction conditions. Selectivity for mono-glyceride in esterification of oleic acid with glycerol was found to be as high as 70–80 % in a conversion range of 60–90 %. Ammonia formed in the synthesis of glycerol carbonate and di-methyl carbonate can be used with CO2 for the production of one of the reactants i.e., urea, thereby providing the opportunity to reduce carbon foot print.

Keywords

Biodiesel Heterogeneous catalyst Mono-glyceride Glycerol carbonate Di-methyl carbonate 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge SAIF, IIT, Bombay, for their help in characterization of catalysts and Mr. Rohidas Bhoi for his assistance in experimental work.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dheerendra Singh
    • 1
  • Anuradda Ganesh
    • 1
  • Sanjay Mahajani
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Energy Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology, BombayMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology, BombayMumbaiIndia

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