Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 931–944 | Cite as

Modeling and optimization of a bioethanol production facility

Original Paper

Abstract

The overall objective of this study is to identify the optimal bioethanol production plant capacity, configuration, and operating conditions, based on currently available technology for all the processing sections involved. To effect this study, a systematic method is utilized which involves the development of a process flow-sheet and superstructure for the overall technology selection. It also includes simulation as well as mathematical model development for each processing step. The optimality of each process pathway is determined via economic analysis. The developed optimization model also incorporates various biomass feedstocks as well as realistic upper and lower limit equipment sizes thereby ensuring pragmatism of the work. For this study, the criterion for optimization is minimum ethanol price. The secondary objective of this study attempts to mathematically model the seasonal variation in availability of biomass feedstock. This sub-model is incorporated into the overall model and economic evaluations done to determine the minimum ethanol selling price and optimal plant capacity.

Keywords

Biofuels Biomass Optimization Economics Sustainability 

References

  1. Aden A, M Ruth et al. (2002). Lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol process design and economics utilizing co-current dilute acid prehydrolysis and enzymatic hydrolysis for corn stover, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, NREL/TP-510-32438Google Scholar
  2. Alizadeh H, Teymouri F et al (2005) Pretreatment of switchgrass by ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX). Appl Biochem Biotechnol 124(1):1133–1141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Basu P (2010) Biomass gasification and pyrolysis: practical design and theory. MA Academic Press, BurlingtonGoogle Scholar
  4. Cardona CA, Sánchez ÓJ (2007) Fuel ethanol production: process design trends and integration opportunities. Bioresour Technol 98(12):2415–2457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cardona CA, Sanchez OJ et al (2010) Process synthesis for fuel ethanol production. CRC, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  6. Chang VS, Burr B et al (1997) Lime pretreatment of switchgrass. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 63–5:3–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chouinard-Dussault P, Bradt L et al (2011) Incorporation of process integration into life cycle analysis for the production of biofuels. Clean Technol Environ Policy 13(5):673–685Google Scholar
  8. Clark JH, Deswarte FI (2008) Introduction to chemicals from biomass. Wiley, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Conde-Mejía C, Jiménez-Gutiérrez A et al (2012) A comparison of pretreatment methods for bioethanol production from lignocellulosic materials. Process Saf Environ Prot 90(3):189–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dien BS, Moniruzzaman M et al (1997) Fermentation of corn fibre sugars by an engineered xylose utilizing Saccharomyces yeast strain. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 13(3):341–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. El-Halwagi MM (2012) Sustainable design through process integration: fundamentals and applications to industrial pollution prevention, resource conservation, and profitability enhancement. Butterworth Heinemann, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  12. El-Halwagi AM, Rosas C, Ponce-Ortega JM, Jiménez-Gutiérrez A, Mannan MS, El-Halwagi MM (2013) Multi-objective optimization of biorefineries with economic and safety objectives”, AIChE J. (in press)Google Scholar
  13. Esteghlalian A, Hashimoto AG et al (1998) Modeling and optimization of the dilute-sulfuric-acid pretreatment of corn stover, poplar and switchgrass. Bioresour Technol 59(2–3):129–136Google Scholar
  14. Farrell A, Plevin R et al (2006) Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental goals. Science 311(5760):506–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gwehenberger G, Narodoslawsky M et al (2007) Ecology of scale versus economy of scale for bioethanol production. Biofuels Bioprod Biorefin 1(4):264–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Honnery D, Garnier G et al (2013) Biorefinery design from an earth systems perspective. In: Stuart P, El-Halwagi MM (eds) Integrated biorefineries: design, analysis, and optimization. CRC, Boca Raton, pp 771–792Google Scholar
  17. Huang H-J, Ramaswamy S et al (2009) Effect of biomass species and plant size on cellulosic ethanol: a comparative process and economic analysis. Biomass Bioenergy 33(2):234–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kamm B, Gruber PR et al (2006) Biorefineries-industrial processes and production: status quo and future directions. Wiley–VCH, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  19. Kazi FK, Fortman J et al. (2010) Techno-economic analysis of biochemical scenarios for production of cellulosic ethanol, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, NREL/TP-6A2-46588Google Scholar
  20. Kim S, Holtzapple MT (2005) Lime pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis of corn stover. Bioresour Technol 96(18):1994–2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kim TH, Kim JS et al (2003) Pretreatment of corn stover by aqueous ammonia. Bioresour Technol 90(1):39–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mani S, Tabil LG et al (2004) Grinding performance and physical properties of wheat and barley straws, corn stover and switchgrass. Biomass Bioenergy 27(4):339–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Martín M, Grossmann IE (2010) Superstructure optimization of lignocellulosic bioethanol plants. In: Pierucci S, Ferraris GB (eds) Computer aided chemical engineering, 28th edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 943–948Google Scholar
  24. Martín M, Grossmann IE (2011) Energy optimization of bioethanol production via gasification of switchgrass. AIChE J 57(12):3408–3428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Martín M, Grossmann IE (2012) Energy optimization of bioethanol production via hydrolysis of switchgrass. AIChE J 58(5):1538–1549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mosier N, Hendrickson R et al (2005) Optimization of pH controlled liquid hot water pretreatment of corn stover. Bioresour Technol 96(18):1986–1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ojeda KA, Sánchez EL et al (2010) Application of computer-aided process engineering and exergy analysis to evaluate different routes of biofuels production from lignocellulosic biomass. Ind Eng Chem Res 50(5):2768–2772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ojeda K, Sánchez E et al (2011) Exergy analysis and process integration of bioethanol production from acid pre-treated biomass: comparison of SHF, SSF and SSCF pathways. Chem Eng J 176–177:195–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Peters M, Timmerhaus KD et al (2003) Plant design and economics for chemical engineers. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  30. Pham V, El-Halwagi M (2012) Process synthesis and optimization of biorefinery configurations. AIChE J 58(4):1212–1221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sanaei S, Janssen M et al (2013) LCA-based environmental evaluation of biorefinery projects. In: Stuart P, El-Halwagi MM (eds) Integrated biorefineries: design, analysis, and optimization. CRC, Boca Raton, pp 793–817Google Scholar
  32. Schrage L (2006) Optimization modeling wih LINGO, 6th edn. LINDO Systems, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  33. Sissine F (2007) CRS Report for Congress. Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. http://energy.senate.gov/public/_files/RL342941.pdf. Accessed 28 Oct 2011
  34. Steele B, Raj S et al (2005) Enzyme recovery and recycling following hydrolysis of ammonia fiber explosion-treated corn stover. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 124(1):901–910CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Stuart P, El-Halwagi MM (2013) Integrated biorefineries: design, analysis, and optimization, CRC, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  36. Teymouri F, Laureano-Perez L et al (2005) Optimization of the ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) treatment parameters for enzymatic hydrolysis of corn stover. Bioresour Technol 96(18):2014–2018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wenzel H (2009) Biofuels: the good, the bad, the ugly - and the unwise policy. Clean Technol Environ Policy 11(2):143–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. William E, Johanns A et al. (2011) Cash Rentals Rates for Iowa. http://www.extension.iastate.edu/agdm/wholefarm/pdf/c2-10.pdf. Accesed 28 Oct 2011

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Artie McFerrin Department of Chemical EngineeringTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Adjunct Faculty at the Chemical and Materials Engineering DepartmentKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahArabia

Personalised recommendations