Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 157–161 | Cite as

On aggregating multiple indicators into a single metric for sustainability

  • Subhas K. SikdarEmail author
Brief Report


In sustainability analysis of multidimensional states of a system, it is required to establish the relative superiority of one of the states. Particularly when a finite number of quantitative metrics is used to characterize the system, the values of the metrics among the states can exhibit increasing and decreasing trends at the same time, creating difficulty in clearly preferring one to the other. Sometimes, unequal weighting factors are ascribed to metrics to show the relative importance of the metrics, further complicating the comparison. It has been deemed desirable to consolidate all the usable metrics into one aggregate metric to make this comparison easier. Such an attempt is provided here by expressing the aggregate metric as the geometric mean of the ratios of the individual metrics for pair-wise comparisons. This computation was applied to previously reported evaluations of processes with a finite number of metrics. The method also reveals the sensitivity of the aggregate metric to the individual metrics and to the weighting factors.


Weighting Factor Asbestos Spider Diagram Aqueous Process Hexamethylene Diamine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The author acknowledges benefiting from several discussions with Dr. Raymond Smith of the National Risk Management Research Laboratory, US EPA, who reviewed the aggregation methods. The author recognizes the contribution of Ronjan Sikdar of Nielsen Online, New York City, who constructed the calculation spreadsheet on Excel, which saved the author countless hours, which were then used in other productive pursuits.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Risk Management Research LaboratoryU.S. Environmental Protection AgencyCincinnatiUSA

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