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Techno-economic evaluation of PHB production from activated sludge

  • S. N. Mudliar
  • A. N. Vaidya
  • M. Suresh Kumar
  • S. Dahikar
  • T. Chakrabarti
Original Paper

Abstract

Activated sludge biomass enriched under suitable conditions is a promising source for poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) production, a biodegradable polymer. The techno-economic evaluation of PHB production using activated sludge biomass has been carried out. The PHB yield and plant capacity was found to significantly affect the PHB production cost. The PHB production cost for a plant processing (fermentation) capacity of 100 m3/day and 44% PHB yield is about US$ 11.8/kg, which reduces to US$ 5.38/kg for 1,000 m3/day plant capacity and 70% PHB yield. The cost of the carbon substrate was found to significantly affect the overall economics of PHB production.

Keywords

Activated sludge Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate PHB yield Plant fermentation capacity Yield Production cost 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. N. Mudliar
    • 1
  • A. N. Vaidya
    • 1
  • M. Suresh Kumar
    • 1
  • S. Dahikar
    • 1
  • T. Chakrabarti
    • 1
  1. 1.National Environmental Engineering Research InstituteNagpurIndia

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