Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 263–267 | Cite as

SPM levels of an urban area (Patiala City) and its relation to automobile exhaust

Original Paper


Concentration levels of suspended particulate matter (SPM), organic tarry matter (BSPM), ignitable matter (LOI) and lead in the ambient air of an urban area are measured by using a high volume sampler. SPM levels in different zones of the city are reported. Organic tarry matter measured as benzene soluble particulate matter (BSPM) constitutes about 4–9% of the SPM. BSPM in the ambient air varies in a range of 10–40 μg m−3. Ignitable matter measured as loss on ignition (LOI) forms about 24–40% of the SPM. Absolute values of LOI vary between 50 and 150 μg m−3. Concentrations of BSPM, LOI and Pb are correlated to automobile exhaust as the probable source.

The studies indicate that BSPM and LOI are integral parts of the SPM but their concentrations are independent of the SPM levels.



The authors are grateful to the Director, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala for providing necessary facilities.


  1. Baek SO, Field RA, Goldstone ME, Kirk PW, Lester JN, Perry R (1991) Water Air Pollut 60:279Google Scholar
  2. Baek SO, Choi JS, Hwang SM (1997) Environ Int 23:205–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Handa T, Kato Y (1980) Environ Sci Technol 14:416Google Scholar
  4. ISI Standard (1979) Guidelines for planning and sampling of atmosphere. IS:5182 (part XIV)Google Scholar
  5. Marr LC, Miguel AH, Hering SV, Hammond SK (1999) Environ Sci Technol 33:3091–3099Google Scholar
  6. Mohanty SK (1999) Indian J Environ Prot 19:199–193Google Scholar
  7. Mollar M, Alfhem I (1982) Environ Sci Technol 16:221Google Scholar
  8. Pandey V, Kumar A, Pal A, Singh NYM (1999) Indian J Environ Prot 19:181–184Google Scholar
  9. Peters AJ, Lane DA, Gundel LA, Northcott GL, Jones KC (2000) Environ Sci Technol 34:5001–5006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Rukmangad PP (1991) Indian J Environ Prot 11:409Google Scholar
  11. Saini RS, Dhadwal PJS, Jaswal S (1994) Indian J Environ Prot 14:700Google Scholar
  12. Samal AC, Santra SC (2002) Indian J Environ Health 44:71–76PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Sandhu RS, Gehlan MS (1991) Indian J Environ Prot 11:895Google Scholar
  14. Sandhu RS, Gehlan MS (1992) Indian J Environ Prot 12:733Google Scholar
  15. Singh AK, Gin MF, Ni F, Christensen ER (1993) Water Sci Technol 28:9Google Scholar
  16. Verma PC (1985) Indian J Environ Prot 5:31Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and BiochemistryThapar Institute of Engineering and TechnologyPatialaIndia
  2. 2.Punjab Pollution Control BoardPatialaIndia

Personalised recommendations