Comparative Activity of Moxifloxacin in Vitro Against Obligately Anaerobic Bacteria

  • G. Ackermann
  • R. Schaumann
  • B. Pless
  • M. C. Claros
  • E. J. C. Goldstein
  • A. C. Rodloff

Abstract

 The antimicrobial activity of moxifloxacin and seven other antibiotics (four of them quinolones) against 292 strains of obligately anaerobic bacteria was assessed employing a broth microdilution technique performed in Wilkens-Chalgren broth. MIC50/MIC90 values (mg/l) for moxifloxacin were as follows: Bacteroides fragilis (n=62) 0.25/2, Bacteroides ovatus (n=70) 1/4, Bacteroides vulgatus (n=29) 0.25/1, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron (n=17) 2/2, Bacteroides caccae (n=11) 1/2, Prevotella spp. (n=11) 0.25/2, Fusobacterium spp. (n=17) 1/4, Bilophila wadsworthia (n=29) 0.5/1, and Clostridium spp. (n=29) 0.125/0.5, respectively. MIC50 values (mg/l) for Bacteroides distasonis (n=8) and Peptostreptococcus spp. (n=9) were 0.25. The results indicated that moxifloxacin was almost as active as trovafloxacin, as active as gatifloxacin, and more active than levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin against the anaerobes tested.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Ackermann
    • 1
  • R. Schaumann
    • 1
  • B. Pless
    • 1
  • M. C. Claros
    • 1
  • E. J. C. Goldstein
    • 2
  • A. C. Rodloff
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Medical Microbiology and Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases, University of Leipzig, Liebigstr. 24, 04109 Leipzig, Germany e-mail: ackermg@medizin.uni-leipzig.deDE
  2. 2.R. M. Alden Research Laboratory, Santa Monica-UCLA Medical Center, Santa Monica, California 90404, USAUS

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