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Ventilator-associated pneumonia by methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus: do minimum inhibitory concentrations to vancomycin and daptomycin matter?

  • J. Ruiz-Ramos
  • P. Vidal-Cortés
  • A. Díaz-Lamas
  • R. Reig-Valero
  • F. Roche-Campo
  • M. Del Valle-Ortiz
  • X. Nuvials-Casals
  • M. Ortiz-Piquer
  • D. Andaluz-Ojeda
  • L. Tamayo-Lomas
  • M. A. Blasco-Navalpotro
  • M. Rodriguez-Aguirregabiria
  • J. Aguado
  • P. RamirezEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

The use of vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) as an outcome predictor in patients with methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia has become an important topic for debate in the last few years. Given these previous results, we decided to investigate whether MICs to vancomycin or daptomycin had any effect on the evolution of patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to MSSA. An observational, retrospective, multicenter study was conducted among patients with MSSA VAP. We analyzed the relationship between vancomycin and daptomycin MICs and early clinical response (72 h), 30-day mortality, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS), and duration on mechanical ventilation. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Sixty-six patients from 12 centers were included. Twenty-six patients (39%) had an infection due to MSSA strains with a vancomycin MIC ≥1.5 μg/mL. Daptomycin MIC was determined in 58 patients, of whom 17 (29%) had an MIC ≥1.0 μg/mL. Ten patients (15%) did not respond to first-line treatment. Only daptomycin MIC ≥1.0 μg/mL had a significant association [odds ratio (OR): 30.00; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.91–60.41] with early treatment failure. The 30-day mortality was 12% (n = 8). Any variable was associated with mortality in the multivariate analysis. None of the variables studied were associated with ICU LOS or duration on mechanical ventilation. In patients with MSSA VAP, vancomycin MIC does not influence the response to antibiotic treatment or the 30-day mortality. Daptomycin MIC was directly related to early treatment failure.

Keywords

Minimum Inhibitory Concentration Vancomycin Daptomycin Early Treatment Failure Vancomycin Minimum Inhibitory Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Felipe Bobillo-Del Amo. (Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Clínico Universitario Valladolid, Spain), Lorena del Río-Carbajo (Intensive Care Unit, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Ourense), Sergio Ossa-Echeverri (Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Burgos, Spain), Víctor José López-Ciudad (Intensive Care Unit, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Ourense, Spain), Enrique Alemparte Pardavila (Intensive Care Unit, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, La Coruña, Spain), Jaime Torres-García (Microbiology Department, Hospital Universitario General de Castellón, Spain), Zaída García-Reig (Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario General de Castellón, Spain), Marta Dominguez-Gil (Microbiology Department, Hospital Universitario Río Hortega de Valladolid, Spain), Juan Frasquet (Microbiology Department, Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Ruiz-Ramos
    • 1
  • P. Vidal-Cortés
    • 2
  • A. Díaz-Lamas
    • 3
  • R. Reig-Valero
    • 4
  • F. Roche-Campo
    • 5
  • M. Del Valle-Ortiz
    • 6
  • X. Nuvials-Casals
    • 7
    • 8
  • M. Ortiz-Piquer
    • 9
  • D. Andaluz-Ojeda
    • 10
  • L. Tamayo-Lomas
    • 11
  • M. A. Blasco-Navalpotro
    • 12
  • M. Rodriguez-Aguirregabiria
    • 13
  • J. Aguado
    • 14
  • P. Ramirez
    • 15
    Email author
  1. 1.Intensive Care Unit, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria La FeHospital Universitario y Politécnico La FeValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Intensive Care UnitComplexo Hospitalario Universitario de OurenseOurenseSpain
  3. 3.Intensive Care UnitComplexo Hospitalario Universitario A CoruñaA CoruñaSpain
  4. 4.Intensive Care UnitHospital Universitario General de CastellónCastellónSpain
  5. 5.Intensive Care UnitHospital de la Santa Creu i Sant PauBarcelonaSpain
  6. 6.Intensive Care UnitHospital Universitario de BurgosBurgosSpain
  7. 7.Intensive Care UnitHospital Universitari Arnau de VilanovaLleidaSpain
  8. 8.Institut de Recerca Biomèdica (IRB Lleida)LleidaSpain
  9. 9.Intensive Care UnitHospital Lucus AugustiLugoSpain
  10. 10.Intensive Care UnitHospital Clínico Universitario ValladolidValladolidSpain
  11. 11.Intensive Care UnitHospital Universitario Río Hortega de ValladolidValladolidSpain
  12. 12.Intensive Care UnitHospital Universitario Severo OchoaLeganésSpain
  13. 13.Intensive Care UnitHospital Universitario Infanta LeonorMadridSpain
  14. 14.Infectious Disease DepartmentUniversity Hospital 12 de OctubreMadridSpain
  15. 15.Intensive Care UnitHospital Universitario y Politécnico La FeValenciaSpain

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