Risk factors for recurrent cellulitis were assessed in a case–control study including 398 patients receiving prophylactic treatment with benzathine penicillin and 8,005 controls derived from a national population-based health survey. In the multivariate analysis, psoriasis [odds ratio (OR) 3.69], other chronic dermatoses (OR 4.14), diabetes (OR 1.65), increasing body mass index (OR 1.17), increasing age (OR 1.06) and history of previous tonsillectomy (OR 6.82) were independently associated with recurrent cellulitis. Forty percent of the patients reported a cellulitis recurrence, despite ongoing benzathine penicillin prophylaxis. The role of previous tonsillectomy in recurrent cellulitis needs further evaluation.
Psoriasis Cellulitis Erysipelas Benzathine Penicillin National Public Health Institute
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Ms. Päivi Aitos, Ms. Henna Degerlund and Mr. Hannu Turunen are warmly thanked for their technical assistance.
This study was supported by grants from the Academy of Finland/MICMAN Research Programme 2003–2005 and the Competitive Research Funding of the Pirkanmaa Hospital District, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.
Potential conflicts of interest
All authors: no conflicts.
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