Evolving microbiological epidemiology and high fetal mortality in 135 cases of bacteremia during pregnancy and postpartum
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The outcome of bacterial bloodstream infections during pregnancy has greatly improved over the last few decades. However, there are no recent data on the characteristics of bacteremia in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to describe clinical and microbiological features of bacteremia and to assess maternal and fetal outcome. This retrospective study was conducted in the obstetrics departments of five teaching hospitals in Paris, France, from 2005 to 2009. The incidence of bacteremia was 0.3%. The most common sources of bacteremia were chorioamnionitis (47%) and the most common pathogen isolated was Escherichia coli. Empirical antimicrobial therapy was inappropriate in 29% of bacteremia cases, mostly (65%) when secondary to infection with an aminopenicillin-resistant microorganism. Bacteremia during pregnancy was associated with a 10% fetal mortality. Bacteremia during pregnancy is a rare occurrence, but it is associated with an unexpectedly poor fetal outcome and a high mortality rate.