Prevalence and characterisation of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli isolates in healthy volunteers in Tunisia

  • R. Ben Sallem
  • K. Ben Slama
  • V. Estepa
  • A. Jouini
  • H. Gharsa
  • N. Klibi
  • Y. Sáenz
  • F. Ruiz-Larrea
  • A. Boudabous
  • C. Torres
Article

Abstract

The objective of this investigation was to analyse the carriage rate of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli in faecal samples of healthy humans in Tunisia and to characterise the recovered isolates. One hundred and fifty samples were inoculated on MacConkey agar plates supplemented with cefotaxime (2 μg/ml) for ESBL-positive E. coli recovery. The characterisation of ESBL genes and their genetic environments, detection of associated resistance genes, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and phylogroup typing were performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing. The presence and characterisation of integrons and virulence factors were studied by PCR and sequencing. ESBL-positive E. coli isolates were detected in 11 of 150 faecal samples (7.3%) and one isolate/sample was further characterised. These isolates contained the bla CTX-M-1 (ten isolates) and bla TEM-52c genes (one isolate). The ISEcp1 (truncated by IS10 in four strains) and orf477 sequences were found upstream and downstream, respectively, of all bla CTX-M-1 genes. Seven different sequence types (STs) and three phylogroups were identified among CTX-M-1-producing isolates [ST/phylogroup (number of isolates)]: ST58/B1 (3), ST57/D (2), ST165/A (1), ST155/B1 (1), ST10/A (1), ST398/A (1) and ST48/B1 (1). The TEM-52-producing isolate was typed as ST219 and phylogroup B2. Six ESBL isolates contained class 1 integrons with the gene cassettes dfrA17-aadA5 (five isolates) and dfrA1-aadA1 (one). Healthy humans in the studied country could be a reservoir of CTX-M-1-producing E. coli.

Keywords

Clonal Complex Multilocus Sequence Typing IS10 Element Genetic Environment ESBL Gene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was financed by an Integrated Action of the Spanish Agency of International Collaboration (AECID) of Spain grant and a grant from the Tunisian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. V. Estepa has a predoctoral fellowship from the University of La Rioja (Spain).

Part of the results of this manuscript have been presented at the 21st ECCMID/27th ICC Joint Congress of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases and the International Society of Chemotherapy, Milan, Italy, 7–10 May 2011.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Ben Sallem
    • 1
  • K. Ben Slama
    • 1
  • V. Estepa
    • 2
  • A. Jouini
    • 1
  • H. Gharsa
    • 1
  • N. Klibi
    • 1
  • Y. Sáenz
    • 3
  • F. Ruiz-Larrea
    • 2
  • A. Boudabous
    • 1
  • C. Torres
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire des Microorganismes et Biomolécules Actives, Faculté des Sciences de TunisUniversité Tunis-El ManarTunisTunisia
  2. 2.Área de Bioquímica y Biología MolecularUniversidad de La RiojaLogroñoSpain
  3. 3.Área de Microbiología MolecularCentro de Investigación Biomédica de La RiojaLogroñoSpain

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