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Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus meningitis—a case report and review of the literature

  • D. W. EyreEmail author
  • J. S. Kenkre
  • I. C. J. W. Bowler
  • S. J. McBride
Review

Abstract

A case is described of a 79-year-old man, trampled by his horses, who subsequently developed a wound infection and, later, meningitis. Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus was isolated as the causative organism. S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus, which carries the Lancefield Group C antigen, is an uncommon human pathogen but is commonly isolated from bacterial infections in animals, particularly horses. It is most commonly acquired by humans following animal contact. A review of the literature identified 20 previously described cases of S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus meningitis. Crude mortality following infection was 24%. All of the patients who died were over 70 years of age and the ingestion of unpasteurised dairy products was associated with all but one of the fatal cases. Hearing loss was a frequent complication, occurring in 19% of cases. Only 38% of patients made a complete recovery. Treatment regimes commonly included benzylpenicillin or a third-generation cephalosporin, with a mean treatment duration in survivors of 23 days.

Keywords

Glasgow Coma Scale Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Clostridium Difficile Infection Listeriosis Aortitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Declarations

The patient described herein has given his full consent for inclusion in this review.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. W. Eyre
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. S. Kenkre
    • 1
  • I. C. J. W. Bowler
    • 1
  • S. J. McBride
    • 1
  1. 1.Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology, John Radcliffe HospitalOxford Radcliffe Hospitals NHS TrustOxfordUK

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